The conductivity of a solution (k) is proportional to the amount of dissolved ions the solution contains. Electric current is carried by the dissolved positive and negative ions, and the more ions, the more electric current. In addition to the amount of ions in the solution, the type of ions also makes a difference in the conductivity of the solution. Strong electrolytes (highly dissolved) are better conductors. Ions with more than a single charge also carry more current.
Conductivity for Strong Electrolytes
Obtain the molar conductivity (a constant) for the dissolved chemical in the solution. Molar conductivity is the sum of the molar conductivity of the anion and cation added together. Note the anion has a negative conductivity value so the final result is really a difference in the molar conductivity of the two species. Molar conductivities are theoretical values based on the conductivity of an infinitelydiluted solution.
Determine the volume of your solution. This should be in liters. Note: the volume should be determined after adding the electrolyte.
Determine the molar quantity of your electrolyte (the molecular species that is added to the solvent). If you know how many grams of electrolyte have been added, divide that weight by the molecular weight of the electrolyte to get moles of electrolyte.
Determine the concentration of your solution. Concentration is given in moles per liter. Divide the number of moles obtained in Step 3 by the volume obtained in Step 2 to get the molar concentration of the solution.
Determine the conductance of your solution by multiplying the molar conductivity by the molar concentration. The result is k, conductivity of the solution.