# How to Calculate Interest Rates

By Andrea Griffith; Updated April 24, 2017

A list of things that make many people cringe might include interest rates and math. Whether you're learning about interest rates in math class or you're trying to determine an interest rate for yourself, as long as you have the formula calculating interest is easy. You must know the variables: interest rate, principle and time.

### Finding Interest

Know and understand the formula for finding interest:

P = principle, R = rate, T = time (normally in years) and I = Interest.

P (principal) x R (rate) x T (time) = I (interest)

Let's say you purchased a car for \$18,670 (principal) with a six-year loan at an interest rate of 3.7 percent.

Set up the equation. I = P x R x T

I = 18,670 x 3.7 x 6

Convert your the interest to a decimal figure: 3.7 percent = 0.037.

I = 18,670 x 0.037 x 6

18,670 x 0.037 = 690.79

Multiply 690.79 by 6 to finish the equation.

690.79 x 6 = 4,144.74

The interest will be \$4,144.74.

### Finding Interest Percent Rate

Know the equation to find the percent: R = I / PT.

The task is to determine what annual interest rate is needed for \$3,120 to earn \$150 in 18 months.

Plug in your numbers to begin solving:

R = 150 / (3,120)(18/12)

The second parenthetical factor represents the number of payments divided by the number of months in a year.

R = 150 / 3,120 x 1.5

R = 150 / 4,680

Divide 150 by 4,680 to solve.

R = 150 / 4,680

Now solve:

R = 0.032

R = 3.2 percent

The interest rate will be 3.2 percent.