How to Calculate Sample Mean

By Carter McBride
Using a calculator can make dividing percentages quicker and easier.
calculator image by jedphoto from Fotolia.com

A sample mean is the average from a set of data. Sample means are important in that they can give an idea of central tendency-- that is, an idea of the general tendency of a set of numbers. Through statistical analysis using the sample mean, statisticians can calculate items such as standard deviation and variance. Sample mean can be used in settings such as classrooms to determine the average score on a test, or in baseball to determine a player's batting average.

Step 1

Determine the data set. This can be almost anything -- a set of heights, weights, salaries or the amount of grocery bills, for example.

Consider the case of a manager trying to decide whether to place an ad in a local newspaper or a national one for a job opening. To do this, it would be useful to know whether the people working at the company were born nearby or came from far away. If you want to figure out the average distance from your coworkers' birthplaces to the workplace, you'll first collect the data. It could be a list composed of the following distances: 44 miles, 17 miles, 522 miles, 849 miles, 71 miles, 64 miles, 486 miles and 235 miles.

Step 2

Add together the numbers in the data set.

For the example of distances, you would add 44 + 17 + 522 + 849 + 71 + 64 + 486 + 235, which sum to 2288 miles.

Step 3

Divide the sum of the data by the number of entries in the data set.

In the example you have eight numbers in your dataset, so you'll divide the sum of 2288 miles by 8, which gives you 286 miles.