Distances of the Planets From the Sun in Light Years

By Colby Phillips; Updated April 24, 2017
The planet Mars was named for the ancient Roman god of war.

The light year -- the distance that light travels in a year -- is a measurement used by astronomers to chart the vastness of interstellar space. One mile is equivalent to 1.70111428 × 10-13 light years. The distances of Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto from the sun can all be stated in light years. Because the solar system is a small place relative to the cosmos, and light travels quickly, these numbers are all very small.


Mercury is 0.000006123880620837039 light years from the sun (36,000,000 miles).


Venus is 67,000,000 miles from the sun, which is 0.000011397222266557821 light years.


Earth is 0.00001582002493716235 light years from the sun (93,000,000 miles).


The distance of Mars from the sun is 142,000,000 miles, which is 0.000024155306893301653 light years.


Jupiter is approximately 484,000,000 miles from the sun. The equivalent in light years is 0.00008233217279125351.


About 885,000,000 miles stretches between Saturn and the sun, which is 0.0001505453985955772 light years.


To get from the sun to Uranus, you would need to travel 1,780,000,000 miles, the equivalent of 0.0003027918751413869 light years.


The furthest full-size planet from the sun, Neptune is 2,790,000,000 from the sun. This is 0.00047460074811487044 light years.


The dwarf planet Pluto is approximately 3,660,000,000 miles from the sun, which is 0.0006225945297850989 light years.

About the Author

Colby Phillips' writing interests include culture and politics. Phillips received a Bachelor of Arts in English from the University of Oregon and a Master of Arts in philosophy from Boston College.