What Are the Negative Effects of Natural Disasters?

By Jose Arellano; Updated April 25, 2017
Natural disasters are responsible for the destruction of countless homes.

Natural Disasters are presented to us in various forms. Earthquakes, tsunamis, hurricanes, volcano eruptions and tornados have been the causes of many devastating events seen throughout history. Preparation is needed to increase the chances of overcoming the destruction of a natural disaster. but unfortunately, some disasters may occur without warning and often increase havoc in more ways than one.

Effects on The Economy

Hurricanes and earthquakes can pose a threat to gas prices by damaging oil producing refineries, and halting the process of running oil supply. Public transportation, such as trains, and cars can become damaged and businesses can temporarily close, preventing many people with jobs from working. The government may spend a great deal of money to reconstruct areas that were effected by natural disasters, and may deal with billions of dollars of economic losses.

Effects on Mental Health

The effects of a natural disaster can weigh a person into a lot of stress and psychological trauma. People who are susceptible to traumas from a natural disaster may become depressed and develop an anxiety disorder. Among the many anxiety disorders that can be developed after a disaster is Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), which can leave a person feeling traumatised years after the disaster.

Electrical Storms and Wildfires

Wildfires can be brought on by electrical storms which can lead to the destruction of the natural habitat of animals. In addition to destroying habitat, food from burned plants can become scarce, and smoke inhalation can be hazardous to animals' health. Wildfires can spread from forests to residential communities, potentially destroying the homes of people.

Infectious Diseases

People are vulnerable to infectious diseases, during or after a natural disaster. Dead animals may appear on the streets, and flooding sewage water can easily infect wounds. Mosquitoes breed in sewage water and can carry a number of deadly diseases that can be transmitted to humans. such as malaria and West Nile virus. People who are in shelters are exposed to others who have been infected with a contagious virus, and can spread it to them from a close distance.

About the Author

Jose Arellano began freelancing in 2011. He carries knowledge and expertise in travel, health, entertainment and computer technology. He holds a certificate in CompTIA A+ 2009 Essentials, Network+, and MCTS/MCITP: Server 2008 Level 1. He recently attended The Academy of South Florida for Microsoft and is a certified network technician..