Alaskan Tundra Facts

Mount McKinley in Alaska.
••• Jupiterimages/ Images

The word "tundra" translates to "treeless heights" and means ecosystems that have no trees and cold temperatures. Tundra exists in Alaska's northern and western coasts.


Woman walking in snow.
••• Thomas Northcut/Photodisc/Getty Images

The Alaskan tundra boasts an average annual temperature colder than five degrees Fahrenheit and receives less than four inches of precipitation a year.


Few plants grow in Alaska's cold climate.
••• Feng Yu/iStock/Getty Images

Plants survive the harsh conditions of the tundra by going dormant through winter, growing protective coatings, or retaining old leaves for nutrition. Some plants found in the Alaskan tundra include the arctic dryad, arctic poppy, wooly lousewort, Labrador tea, and arctic birch.


Brown bear in Alaska.
••• Byrdyak/iStock/Getty Images

Animals have adapted to the Alaskan tundra by developing warm winter coats, compact bodies to preserve heat, and camouflage for different seasons. Some animals found on the Alaskan tundra include caribou, arctic fox, arctic hare, arctic ground squirrel, and arctic grizzly bear.


Frozen tundra.
••• Images

Alaskan tundra does not have any trees. It is also very windy and has dramatic seasonal changes, including drastic changes in daylight hours throughout the year.


Pollution threatens the tundra.
••• Digital Vision./Photodisc/Getty Images

Alaska's tundra is threatened by airborne pollutants, oil and gas development, and global warming.

Related Articles

Abiotic Factors in the Redwood Forest Ecosystem
What Are Some Natural Environmental Issues in the Tundra?
Temperate Woodland & Shrubland Flowers
The Biotic Factors for Alpine Tundra
Plants & Animals in the Taiga Biome
Features of a Forest Ecosystem
Why Are Trees Important to the Ecosystem?
The Impact of Sunlight on the Tropical Savanna
Tundra Characteristics
Temperate Woodland & Shrubland Flowers
Ecological Concerns That Affect the Tundra
Facts About Ironwood Trees
What Are the Causes of the Destruction of Ecosystem?
Animals Found in the Tropical Evergreen Forest
Plant Adaptations in the Tundra
What Kind of Flowers Are in the Tundra Biome?
Abiotic & Biotic Factors of Polar Regions
Landforms of the Grasslands Biome
What Are the Major Types of Terrestrial Ecosystems?