The tropical regions of the Earth are between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn in a band of straddling the equator. Forests in the tropical regions can be evergreen or deciduous. In the evergreen tropical forests, a range exists based on precipitation. Tropical rainforests receive enormous amounts of rain all year. Drier tropical evergreen forests receive seasonal rain. The types of animals in both kinds of forests vary, but both boast rich species diversity. Tropical rainforests alone house over half the Earth’s animal species.
TL;DR (Too Long; Didn't Read)
Tropical evergreen forests can be moist, in the case of rainforests, or drier with seasonal rain. Both types of tropical evergreen forests have many species of animals. Rainforest animals include monkeys, parrots, smaller animals and large numbers of insects. Drier tropical evergreen forests host larger animals such as Asian elephants, tigers, and rhinoceros as well as numerous birds and small animals.
Tropical Rainforest Animals
Other mammals in the rainforest include:
- flying squirrels
Cats such as jaguars, ocelots, civets and jaguarondi also call the rainforest home.
Animals of Drier Tropical Evergreen Forests
Smaller mammals of drier tropical evergreen forests include:
- Phayre’s langur
- Chinese pangolin
- wild dog
- fruit bats
- flying foxes
Challenges for Tropical Evergreen Forest Animals
Animals within these regions face numerous threats to their long-term survival. The encroachment of human settlements and the development of roads fragment the forests. Logging and firewood collection lead to habitat loss and fragmentation. Farming practices create canopy loss and habitat loss as well. Illegal hunting and poaching contribute to species decline. With conservation, education and more sustainable strategies to coexist with animals, there remains hope that people can work to protect tropical evergreen forests and all the species within them.
- NASA Earth Observatory: Rainforest
- Marietta College: The Tropical Rain Forest
- University of California Santa Barbara - Kids Do Ecology: Rainforest
- Tropical Ecology 56 (1): 41-55, 2015: Frugivory and Seed Dispersal by Birds and Mammals in the Coastal Tropical Dry Evergreen Forests of Southern India: A Review
- World Wildlife Fund: Southern Africa: Zambia (Angola)
- World Wildlife Fund: Southeastern Asia: Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, and Thailand
- World Wildlife Fund: Southeastern Asia: Northern Vietnam
- World Wildlife Fund: Veracruz Moist Forests
- World Wildlife Fund: Sumatran Tiger
- SpringerPlus: Tiger Density in a Tropical Lowland Forest in the Eastern Himalayan Mountains
- Macalester College Mac Como Zoo: Spider Monkey
- Journal of Asia-Paciﬁc Biodiversity: Conservation Status of Some Endangered Mammals in Barak Valley, Northeast India
- Eric Gevaert/iStock/Getty Images