The state of Michigan hosts hundreds of species of beetles. Due to Michigan’s varied climate and distinct seasons, beetles appear in higher numbers at different times of the year. Some are benign or beneficial, while others are invasive or intrusive in or around the home.
TL;DR (Too Long; Didn't Read)
Michigan houses hundreds of beetle species, many nocturnal, some beneficial, and some invasive and threatening to crops and other plants.
General Beetle Facts
Beetles are insects with the typical construction of six legs, a head, abdomen and thorax. Beetles lay many eggs, preferably near potential food for larvae. As larvae, they resemble worms with hard heads and small legs, and often these grubs are larger in size than their adult forms. As adults, beetles grow two sets of wings, a small hard set and a second set. Over 300,000 beetle species exist in the world, and they survive across most habitats. Most beetles are nocturnal. They can eat plants or animals or fungi or even dung, depending on the type of beetle. In Michigan beetle types range from large black beetles to tiny reddish beetles, and each species varies in what it eats.
Michigan Beetles Around the Home
The tremendous range of Michigan bugs extends from beneficial, to benign, to invasive, to toxic. One example of a beneficial Michigan beetle is the bumble flower beetle. Upon first glance, this beetle resembles a bumblebee visiting and pollinating flowers, with its fuzzy appearance and yellow and brown coloring. Approximately nickel-sized, the bumble flower beetles live as detritivores, feeding upon waste and dead plant matter as small cleaners. Because of their pollination and their diet, these interesting beetles are considered beneficial and not pests.
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Blister beetles cause problems when handled without rubber or plastic gloves. These beetles have soft bodies with narrow thoraces, and can grow to just over 1 inch long. They subsist on numerous garden plants, but some provide benefit by consuming grasshopper eggs. When accosted, they ooze a yellow irritant that causes blisters on unprotected skin in people and animals. Generally blister beetles are best left alone.
Larder beetles are Michigan insects that make their presence known in homes. These are small, brown-banded black-shelled bugs that like to come inside homes that are not well sealed. They play the role of detritivores of dead bugs, but also enjoy eating stored food, hence their name. Larder beetles live mostly in wall spaces, but when they leave those spaces to intrude into people’s homes, issues arise.
Elm leaf beetles, as their name suggests, can raze the leaves of elm trees in summer. In winter, elm leaf beetles like to reside in the attics of homes to avoid the cold. A good sealant and proper food storage serve to prevent beetle incursions into the home.
Invasive Bugs in Michigan
The seemingly ubiquitous Japanese beetle, introduced in the U.S. in 1916, proves to be one of the most pernicious bugs in Michigan. These invasive Michigan insects rang up to 1/2 inch long and have shiny, red-brown wings and a green body. Japanese beetle larvae alone create problems in any grass-covered area by eating the roots, affecting water intake of the grass. Predators of Japanese beetle grubs in turn create problems while unearthing the grubs. The adult Japanese beetles begin an onslaught of voracity beginning in July, eating hundreds of species of plants. These include ornamental plants and trees as well as many fruit, vegetable and grain crops in Michigan. Japanese beetles can completely defoliate these plants. Keeping lawns watered in autumn and spring can prevent grass loss from the larvae, but there are few truly successful insecticides for the adults. Natural predation seems the best long-term solution for Japanese beetle infestations.
Other problematic invasive Michigan insects include Asiatic garden beetles and Asian longhorned beetles. Asiatic garden beetles are quite small, just over 1/3 inch long, and reddish-brown. Asiatic garden beetles swarm onto porches under bright lights and enter drafty homes. They also feed upon the leaves of many ornamental flowers and shrubs, chiefly at night. Their larvae feast upon the roots of crops such as soybeans, corn roots and potatoes. Because they are active at night, they can be hard to detect, and often farmers need to look for grubs shortly after tilling to find them.
Asian longhorn beetles are large black beetles found in Michigan. These striking, spotted black beetles with long, hornlike antennae savage hardwood trees such as maple, willow, poplar and sycamore. Their larvae bore into tree trunks, slowly killing trees.
Another prevalent Michigan insect is the multicolored Asian lady beetle. When under duress, these little beetles emit a stench.
Endangered Michigan Beetles
Unfortunately, some species of Michigan beetles are now considered endangered. One is the American burying beetle. The other is Hungerford’s crawling water beetle, an aquatic species.