An electromagnetic field, or EMF, meter measures the relative strength of magnetic fields. EMF meters, also called or gaussmeters, can be used for a number of purposes, like testing the strength of electromagnets, checking for magnetic fields around unshielded electronics, or searching for magnetic field disturbances when ghost hunting. If you want to build an EMF meter, you can purchase all the necessary parts at your local hardware store for just a few dollars. You can have your EMF meter assembled and testing magnetic fields in less than an hour.
Making an EMF Detector
1. Connect the 5-volt voltage regulator to pins 1, 2, and 3 on the upper left hand side of the breadboard's power bus.
2. Attach the red 9-volt battery connector wire to pin 1 on the 5-volt voltage regulator.
Sciencing Video Vault
3. Connect the black 9-volt battery connector wire to pin 2 on the 5-volt voltage regulator.
4. Set the Hall Effect device into the upper right hand side of the breadboard's power bus in line with the 5-volt voltage regulator.
5. Connect a green wire from pin 3 on the 5-volt voltage regulator to pin 1 of the Hall Device.
6. Connect a black wire from pin 2 on the 5-volt voltage regulator to pin 2 on the hall device.
7. Adjust the digital voltmeter to read 20 VDC and attach the red lead to pin 3 on the Hall device and the black lead to pin 2 of the Hall device.
8. Plug a 9-volt battery into the battery connector and attach it to the breadboard with the two rubber bands. The voltmeter should read approximately 2.5 volts without any magnetic field interference.
Testing the EMF Detector
Place a magnet near the the device and observe reading on the meter changing. To calculate the strength of the magnetic field, multiply the change between the calibrated zero reading (approximately 2.5 volts) and your current reading by 1,000 and divide by the Hall device's sensitivity. A positive result indicates a magnetic north pole and a negative result indicates a magnetic south pole.