How to Build a Black Hole for a Science Fair Project

Start your science fair project with a strong question to answer.
••• question mark image by Dumitrescu Ciprian from Fotolia.com

A black hole contains so much mass that an object within a certain distance cannot escape its gravitational pull; a feather would weigh as much as several billion tons near the “surface” of a black hole, according to Wichita State University. Although building a functioning black hole is currently impossible, you can create, by stretching fabric, a black hole replica that demonstrates the effect of gravity on the perception of light.

    For a simpler project, you can replace stretcher bars with any open box.
    ••• box image by Bartlomiej Nowak from Fotolia.com

    Remove the staples, using your flathead screwdriver, that attach the canvas to the stretcher bars on your stretched canvas.

    Staple one side of your stretch fabric to the back of your exposed stretcher bars, in the same way that the canvas originally attached.

    Pull your fabric across the open surface of the stretcher bars and staple the fabric to the remaining three stretcher bars. Ensure that the fabric is flat but not tightly stretched.

    Draw large dots, circles and lines on the surface of the stretch fabric, in a fairly even pattern, using your white paint pen. These dots and lines represent light reflected off of objects in space.

    Place your heavy weight in the center of the surface of the fabric. The stretching of the fabric represents the stretching of time and space around the black hole. As objects approach the black hole, increased gravity causes the light reflected by them to take longer to reach the viewer.

    Pull the weight in the center of the fabric, creating a funnel on the surface. Tie your rubber band around the weight, so that it closes the fabric and prevents a viewer from seeing the weight.

    Things You'll Need

    • Stretched canvas
    • Flat-head screwdriver
    • Black stretch fabric
    • Stapler
    • White paint pen
    • Heavy weight
    • Rubber band

    Tips

    • A winning science fair project may procure college scholarships, such as the $1,000 scholarship offered to science fair project winners at Temple University. Louisiana State University lists the following requirements for winning science fair projects: creative and original research questions, an organized research display, the ability to comfortably discuss the information on the display, repeated measurements and the ability to differentiate accurate results from skewed results.

Related Articles

How to Calculate Your Weight on the Moon
How to Make a Model of the Planet Mercury
How to Calculate the Weight of a Brick
Black Hole Experiments for Kids
How to Make a Model of Venus for a Science Project...
How to Build a Newton Car
How to Calculate Overturning Moment
How Do Paper Towels Absorb?
How to Make a Simple Theodolite
How do I Make a Model Waterfall for Kids?
How to Diffuse a Laser Beam
How to Find the Lateral Area of a Square Pyramid
How to Extract Gold From Quartz
What is Perimeter?
How to Do a Science Project on Fingerprints
How to Shrink Rubber Bands
How to Increase Resolution on Microscope
Facts About Gravity for Kids
How to Make Steamboat Science Projects
Science Projects Using Gymnastics