# How to Calculate Elementary Grades

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Grading can be a time of dread or joy for both teachers and elementary students. However one feels about it, grading elementary students on their progress is an essential step in helping guide future instruction as well as a way to keep students and their parents informed of their achievements and areas of need. There are two methods of calculating elementary grades, each offering advantages and disadvantages. When used appropriately, both methods can help students grow as learners.

Within each subject area, add up the total amount that the assignments, tests or quizzes were worth within the grading period. This will give you the total amount of points possible for the grading period. The grading period usually occurs in quarters, trimesters or semesters. For example, a grading period for math may have five different grades that are worth 20 points, 10 points, 20 points, 15 points and 50 points each. These assignments add up to a total of 115 points for the math grading period.

Add up the total amount of points that the student earned for the assignments within the grading period. As an example, a student may have earned 11 points, 9 points, 20 points, 15 points and 48 points for the five math assignments during the grading period. These points add up to a total of 103 points earned.

Divide the total amount of points earned by the total points possible in the grading period to get the final grade. For example, 103 (total points earned) divided by 115 (total points possible) equals 0.895. This can then be rounded to .90, or a 90% in math for the grading period. This method can be used in all subject areas.