To calculate the pressure at the bottom of your elevated water storage tanks in pounds per square inch is important in many applications, but easy enough to do. You can work this out with a simple rule: 1 foot of water creates 0.433 psi of pressure, and it takes 2.31 feet of water to create 1 psi of pressure. From this, you can work out the psi of any elevated water storage system.
TL;DR (Too Long; Didn't Read)
Use the formula Pressure (P) = 0.433 × height of water in feet (h) to calculate the psi for elevated water storage tanks. The pressure at any point in the tank is given by 0.433 multiplied by the height of water above it in feet.
Find the Height of the Water Tank
Find the height of the water tank by using the gauge on the side of the tank or directly measure the height of tank to find the information you need.
Convert Inches into Feet
Convert the measurements into feet. If the measurement needs to use inches as well, convert the inches into a proportion of a foot. For example, if the tank is 2 feet and 7 inches, convert the 7 inches by using: Measurement in feet = measurement in inches ÷ 12. In the example, 7 inches ÷ 12 = 0.583 feet, 2 feet and 7 inches equals 2.583 feet.
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Alternatively, note that each foot is 12 inches (so 2 feet 7 inches = 12 + 12 + 7 = 31 inches), and do the calculation in one step: 31 inches ÷ 12 = 2.583 feet.
Calculate PSI for Elevated Water Tanks
Use the rule that there are 0.433 psi per foot of water to calculate the psi of an elevated water storage tank, or alternatively, the rule that every 2.31 feet of water creates 1 psi. Use the formula: P = 0.433 × h, where h is the height of the water surface in feet and P is the pressure in psi. Simply insert the height measured in the last step into the h position in the formula and evaluate. For example, the psi created by a 100 foot tall water tower can be calculated using the formula:
P = 0.433 × 100 feet = 43.3 psi
Although you’ll usually use this formula to find the pressure at the outlet from the tank, you can use it to find the pressure at any point in the tank by calling h the distance from that point in the tank to the water’s surface (in feet).