How to Calculate Girth

Girth represents the distance around an object.
••• Michael Blann/Digital Vision/Getty Images

Standard measurements include length, width, volume, weight and mass. Girth, however, is equally as important as those standard measurement calculations in a variety of applications and fields.

Whether you're a scientist studying tree growth or trying to send your friend a package in the mail or a person looking for the right clothing size for your dog, you need to know what a girth measurement is and how to calculate it.

Girth Definition

Girth‌ a type of ‌spatial‌ ‌measurement‌.

Girth measures the circumference around the widest point of a generally cylindrical shape or object. This could be anything from a poster package to an animal to a tree to a bottle of soda. It is a vital measurement in describing the maximum size of an object.

How to Calculate the Girth Measurement

Girth is most often calculated using string or a fabric ruler. Depending on what you're measuring, you usually try to find its widest point. This is often the middle of an animal or an inanimate object. For trees, a good rule of thumb is to measure five feet up from the group on the upwards side of any slope.

If you're using a fabric ruler, simply wrap the ruler around this point of the object/animal/person you're using and record the measurement. Make sure that the ruler is pulled tight enough that it isn't loose or "falling" off of the object, but not too tight to make the measurement less than it actually is. If you're using string, wrap the string around the object/animal/person. Mark the string with a marker or pen at the point where the string comes full circle around your subject and is touching the string where you started.

Then, you can use a ruler to measure that length of string from the end to the marked point to get the girth measurement. This type of measurement can be used in a variety of fields and applications.

If you don’t have access to a measuring tape or string that is long enough to measure the longest dimension of girth, you can measure partial segments and add them together to calculate the combined length (a sort of homemade girth calculator).

Packages and Parcels

Perhaps the most common and widespread use of this measurement is for use in sending packages and parcels. Many shipping and mailing businesses will charge based on the parcel measurements including weight, size and girth.

In this case, it isn't always a cylindrical package. Packaging and shipping companies refer to girth with its more general definition as the measurement that measures around the entire object. Shippers and courier companies like FedEx, DHL, UPS, or the Postal Service (USPS) will base shipping rates for courier services and delivery services around the girth of a package. They will sometimes call it the girth of a parcel, parcel dimensions, or maximum length. If you exceed the maximum package size by the girth of your parcel, they might impose a surcharge or fine to ship you package.

Shipping labels on packages sent to you will often have information from the parcel delivery service denoting the firth of your package, volumetric weight, and point of origin.

Tree Size and Growth

Besides height, girth of the tree trunk is one of the main ways for scientists to measure and track tree growth. Scientists usually measure 4.5 to 5 feet up the tree for the most accurate girth measurement.

According to the Tree Register website, young trees should be measured yearly while mature trees only need to be measured every five to 10 years.

Body Fat Percentage

Calculating body fat percentage can be an important indicator of health. It's also important for professional weightlifters and bodybuilders to keep track of. To calculate percent body fat, various girth measurements are taken along with height. Different measurements are taken based on gender.

Males require girth measurements of the neck and their abdomen. Females require girth measurements of the neck, waist and hips. Then you use the following equations based on the gender of the subject:

Male body fat percent

86.010 \times \log_{10}(\text{abdomen firth - neck girth}) - 70.041 \times \log_{10}(\text{height}) + 36.76

Female body fat percent

163.205 \times \log_{10}(\text{waist firth + hip girth - neck girth}) - 97.684 \times \log_{10}(\text{height}) -78.387

Sports Applications

Girth is also relevant in sports such as fishing and hunting. Girth is an important measurement for sport fishing and hunting to measure the size of the catch. You can also use girth to measure sporting equipment like baseball bats.

Related Articles

How to Calculate Tree Basal Area
How to Calculate Length Plus Girth
How to Calculate Linear Meters
Measuring Instruments and Uses
How to Write Number Measurement Dimensions
Pine Tree Diameter Vs. Age
How to Calculate Weight Per Linear Foot
How to Convert Decimal to Ruler Measurement
How to Calculate Area of a Triangle
How to Measure Grain in Round Bins
How to Figure the Diameter of a Circle
How to Calculate the Cubic Feet of a Hole
How to Determine Height Through the Skeleton
What Is the Difference Between Yards & Feet?
How to Find Perimeter
How to Calculate Taper Ratio
How to Calculate the Area of a Grain Bin
How to Calculate Height in Centimeters
How to Read an Engineering Ruler
How to Calculate the Diameter of a Rectangle