How to Calculate Kilowatt Hours

A kilowatt-hour is a unit for electric energy.
••• gyn9038/iStock/Getty Images

A kilowatt-hour is a basic unit of energy that applies especially to electricity. A watt is a volt times an amp, and there are 1000 watts in a kilowatt. A watt is a unit of power, which is the rate of energy used. When you multiply power by time you get a quantity of energy. Energy is measured in many different unit systems in different applications. Your electric utility company bills you for the kilowatt-hours you use. The energy content of batteries is given in amp-hours. The energy density of liquid fules is often given in British Thermal Units per gallon, or BTUs per gallon. A home gas bill usually reports usage in cubic feet (of gas), or therms. A therm is 100 cubic feet, and equivalent to 1000 BTU. Using the right conversion ratios, you can calculate the equivalent number of kilowatt-hours (KWH) in any amount of of energy measured in these other units. You can use the link in the Resources to calculate conversion ratios.

Kilowatt-hour equivalents

    In many parts of the country, it is cheaper to heat and cook with natural gas than electricity.
    ••• Monkey Business Images/Monkey Business/Getty Images

    Calculate kilowatt-hours in natural gas. To compare the amount you pay for natural gas versus electricity, you need to convert between kilowatt-hours and therms. The conversion ratio is 0.0342 therms / 1 kilowatt-hour = 1. Electricity and natural gas prices vary greatly from region to region, but typical prices are 0.10 dollars per kilowatt-hour and 1 dollar per therm. Calculate (1 dollars / therm)*(0.0342 therm /1 kilowatt-hour) and cancel therms to get 0.0342 dollars/kilowatt-hour. In many places, natural gas is indeed cheaper per unit of energy. This is why, when it is available, many homes use gas for heating and cooking rather than electricity.

    In terms of cost per unit of energy, batteries are astronomically expensive.
    ••• Gudella/iStock/Getty Images

    Calculate kilowatt-hours in a battery. A battery is usually labeled with how many milliamp-hours it has. Amp-hours are not technically a unit of energy. But when you multiply amp-hours by volts, you get watt-hours. There are 1000 watt-hours in a kilowatt-hour. A typical alkaline 1.5 volt AA battery supplies around 2000 milliamp-hours. If you multiply 2000 milliamp-hours x 1.5 volts you find that an alkaline AA battery contains 3 watt-hours, or 0.003 kilowatt-hours of energy. You can purchase AA batteries for as little as fifty cents apiece, or 0.5 dollars. To find the cost per kilowatt-hour, calculate (0.5 dollars / 3 watt-hours) x (1000 watt-hours / kilowatt-hour) = 167 dollars/kilowatt-hour. You can see why rechargeable batteries are good for the environment and your bank account.

    At current prices, the price per unit energy for gasoline and home electricity are equivalent. However, electric cars are more efficient.
    ••• xbusto/iStock/Getty Images

    Calculate kilowatt-hours in gasoline. Gasoline contains about 100,000 BTU of energy per gallon. The conversion ratio between BTU and kilowatt-hours is 3412 BTU / 1 kilowatt-hour = 1. So, gasoline contains (100,000 BTU / gallon) x (1 kilowatt-hour / 3412 BTU) = 29.3 kilowatt-hour/gallon. In 2013, the average price of gasoline was around 3.5 dollars/gallon. Calculate ( 3.5 dollars / 1 gallon ) x (1 gallon / 29.3 kilowatt-hours) = 0.12 dollars / kilowatt-hour. Roughly the same as for household electricity.

    Things You'll Need

    • Calculator
    • Computer connected to the internet
    • Optional:
    • Residential gas bill
    • Residential electric bill
    • Double-A alkaline battery

Related Articles

How to Convert kWh to kBtu
Watt Hour Vs. Amp Hour
How to Convert Reserve Capacity to Amp Hours
How to Convert BTU Per Hour to CFM of Natural Gas
How to Convert KWH to KVA
How to Convert MBH to Tons
How to Convert Cubic Feet to Therms
How to Convert Therms to KWH
How to Convert Gallons, Quarts, Pints and Cups
How to Calculate Amps From Horsepower
How to Convert BTU to MCF
What Is the Relationship Between Amps & AH?
How to Convert Amps to HP
How to Calculate KVA to MVA
How to Calculate the Cost Per Watt
How to Convert KWh a Year to KW
How to Convert Propane Gas to BTU
How to Calculate DC Voltage
How to Calculate the Efficiency of Glycolysis
How to Convert Horsepower to Foot Pounds

Dont Go!

We Have More Great Sciencing Articles!