Using the formula Pt = (4.2 × L × T ) ÷ 3600 you can calculate the time it takes to heat a specific quantity of water from one temperature to another temperature. Once you have calculated the thermal power used to heat the water, as represented by Pt in the above equation, divide this number by the heater element rating to find out how long it would take to heat your water.
Calculate the kilowatt-hours (kWh) required to heat the water using the following formula: Pt = (4.2 × L × T ) ÷ 3600. Pt is the power used to heat the water, in kWh. L is the number of liters of water that is being heated and T is the difference in temperature from what you started with, listed in degrees Celsius.
Solve for Thermal Power
Substitute in the appropriate numbers into the equation. So imagine you are heating 20 liters of water from 20 degrees to 100 degrees. Your formula would then look like this: Pt = (4.2 × 20 × (100-20)) ÷ 3600, or Pt = 1.867
Divide by Heater Element Rating
Calculate the amount of time it takes to heat the water by dividing the power used to heat the water, which was determined to be 1.867 with the heater element rating, listed in kW. So if your heater element rating was 3.6 kW, your equation would look like this: heating time = 1.867 ÷ 3.6, or heating time =0.52 hours. Therefore, it would take 0.52 hours to heat 20 liters of water, with an element with a rating of 3.6 kW.
About the Author
Elyse James began writing professionally in 2006 after deciding to pursue a career in journalism. She has written for "The Algonquin Times" as a general assignment reporter and published blogs and articles on Webcitybeat. James holds a Bachelor of Journalism from the University of Ottawa.