How Are Clover Seeds Spread?

••• H&C STUDIO/DigitalVision/GettyImages

Clover is a ground cover plant with about 300 known species. Most have the familiar three-leaf shape and ball-like cluster type flowers in white, red, pink, purple or yellow. White clover is the most common in North America and an important feed crop.


Honey bees are essential in the pollination of clover. Farmers build bee hives in clover fields to not only aid the plants but to cultivate clover honey.


Clover seeds are produced in large numbers. They have hard shells and can remain dormant for years until conditions are favorable for germination.


The seeds' hard shells are broken down by going through an animal’s intestinal system, usually cows or sheep. This is called scarification. The animals also help spread the seeds in this fashion.

Manual Spreading

Farmers who grow clover spread the seeds on the surface using a cultipacker, which gives the seeds a light covering of soil. Seeding is normally done in February or March and may include a mixture of other grass seeds.

White Clover

Though white clover does produce seeds, it also spreads by taking root along its creeping stems at structures called nodes. This helps the clover spread out over a large area. Clover still needs the aid or animals or humans to propagate in new territory.

Related Articles

How Does a Pollen Grain Get to the Stigma of a Pistil?
American Beech Tree Adaptations
Red Maple Tree Facts
How Does a Daisy Reproduce?
What Color of Light Do Plants Absorb?
Flowering Plants with Spiny Seed Pods
Honeysuckle Facts
How to Find Standard Deviation on a TI 84 Plus
How to Do Fractions on a TI-30X IIS
In What Type of Climate Is Nutmeg Grown?
Plants & Animals in Deciduous Forests
How to Make a Natural Bird Feeder With Unflavored Gelatin
Three Main Parts of a Seed
Native Animals & Plants Found in Mississippi
What Do Wild Birds Eat?
Homemade Finch Bird Feeders
What Part of the Plant Makes Seeds?
Difference Between Flowering & Nonflowering Plants
How Does a Dandelion Reproduce?
Facts About Cedar Trees