How to Compare Earth to Neptune

Earth has only one moon, while Neptune has nearly a dozen.
••• earth and moon image by Witold Krasowski from

Although they share a solar system, Earth and Neptune are vastly different. While Earth supports life, Neptune is a mysterious planet on the outer edges of the solar system. Comparing the two planets highlights their unique characteristics.


Neptune is nearly four times larger than Earth, according to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). Neptune's diameter is 30,775 miles across the equator, while Earth's diameter is only 8,000 miles.


Neither Earth nor Neptune orbit the sun in a perfect circle; their orbits are more oval-shaped, or elliptical. While Earth circles the sun once a year, Neptune takes 165 Earth years to complete its orbit.


Rocks and water cover the surface of the Earth, giving humans and animals a firm footing. Meanwhile, Neptune has no solid surface. Like Earth, Neptune's surface is composed of silicates and water, as well as hydrogen and helium.

Wind Speeds

NASA states that clouds on Neptune whip around the planet at a rate of up to 700 miles per hour. The fastest winds recorded on Earth were 231 miles per hour in 1934, according to Mount Washington Observatory.

Moons and Rings

Earth has only one moon, but Neptune has 11. Neptune also has three rings--a trait Earth lacks.

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