Difference Between an Electrical Inverter & Transformer

Transformers and inverters perform similiar tasks and are sometimes housed in the same device.
••• electronic parts image by Witold Krasowski from Fotolia.com

Electrical transformers and inverters perform similar functions. Transformers increase or decrease alternating current (AC) electricity from one voltage level to another. Inverters take direct current (DC) electricity as their input and produce AC electricity as their output. Inverters normally include a modified transformer in their design.

Transformers

Transformers increase or decrease AC electricity from the primary (input) side to the secondary (output) side. The two sides of the transformer are connected to their own coils, which are both wrapped around a column with a hollow air core or possibly an solid iron core. The coils from the two sides are interspersed around the core. Through electromagnetic principles, the voltage increases or decreases according to the ratio of the number of coils.

Inverters

Inverters convert DC to AC electricity. A simple design builds on the transformer model by modifying DC on the primary side to mimic AC. The inverter rapidly flips a switch to alternate the direction of a DC current on the primary side, simulating AC current. The secondary side of the inverter sees AC current and produces genuine AC out its side.

Examples

Transformers and inverters are everywhere in the modern world. Large transformers sit atop utility poles to convert high-voltage electricity from power stations to the relatively low voltage of your home. Inverters run backup generators, cigarette lighter to three-prong outlet adapters in your car, and solar panels.

Related Articles

How to Calculate Transformer VA Rating
How to Make Electricity Flow Like Lightning Between...
How Does a Magneto Work?
How to Make a Tesla Coil
How to Convert 12 Volt Alternator to 120 Volts
How to Calculate Electrical Transformer Output
How Does a Toroidal Transformer Work?
How to Determine Current Capacity of Transformers
How to Build DC to AC Power Inverters
How to Hook Up a 480V, 208V, or 120V Transformer
How to Calculate Transformer Losses
How to Calculate the Winding of a Transformer
How to Build a 120V AC to 12V DC Power Converter
The Different Parts of an Electromagnet
Onan Engine Information
How to Calculate CT Ratio
Basic Parts of a DC Generator
How to Calculate Transformer Turns Ratio
What is DC Power Supply Used for?

Dont Go!

We Have More Great Sciencing Articles!