Solubility and miscibility are both terms used to refer to the ability of one substance to dissolve in another substance. The substance to be dissolved is called the solute, while the substance in which the solute is dissolved is called the solvent. The solubility or miscibility of the solute is dependent on the kind of solute and solvent.
When a solute and solvent are mixed, they form what is called a solution. A solution is only formed when the solute can be dissolved in the solvent. Solubility, a more general term than miscibility, refers to the ability of a substance -- specifically, the solute -- to be dissolved in the solvent. The more the substance can be dissolved, the more soluble it is. Solid solutes generally have a limit on the amount that is soluble, which depends on the kind of solute and solvent.
The term miscibility refers to the ability of a liquid solute to dissolve in a liquid solvent. Solubility is a more general term, but it is more often used to mean the ability of a solid solute to dissolve in a liquid solvent. Miscibility is used when talking about the solubility of -- specifically -- liquid solutes. Miscible liquids are also defined as liquids that can mix to form a homogeneous solution. Miscible liquids generally mix without limit, meaning they are soluble at all amounts.
About the Author
Joshua Suico is a university teacher specializing in chemistry and the life sciences. He holds a Master of Science degree in chemistry. During his college days, he once intentionally dropped sodium pellets into a sink for fun and for science.