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Lyapunov Instability and Finite Size Effects in a System with Long-Range Forces

1998
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Physical Review Letters
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We study the largest Lyapunov exponent $\lambda$ and the finite size effects of a system of N fully-coupled classical particles, which shows a second order phase transition. Slightly below the critical energy density $U_c$, $\lambda$ shows a peak which persists for very large N-values (N=20000). We show, both numerically and analytically, that chaoticity is strongly related to kinetic energy fluctuations. In the limit of small energy, $\lambda$ goes to zero with a N-independent power law:

doi:10.1103/physrevlett.80.692
fatcat:24q5nfcif5hdbfq4mz3ydnd53u