The flower's female parts can be found in the bloom section of the plant. The bloom is part of the flower with leaves and petals. The petals form a ring called the corolla. A flower can have more than one bloom on the stem. Inside the corolla are the pistils, stamens and sepals that surround the flower organs. The flower's female parts are arranged so that certain chromosome cells, called gametes can be fertilized to start making seeds for more flowers.
Gamete cells are the smallest parts of the female flower reproductive parts. They represent one half of the chromosomes for reproduction. Fertilization provides the other half resulting in the production of new cell called a zygote which can continue to develop and become an embryo. The basis of the term "gamete" is from the Greek for marriage. Ovules are where the Gamete cells are located in the female flower. The ovules are inside the ovary. The ovules are what turn into the seeds if fertilized. This is where the embryo sac is located. It is from Latin for "little egg," since this is where the embryo is.
Stigma has a sticky opening which is located on top of the style. It is here that the pollen grains adhere. It is part of the carpel. It is the beginning point of entry for the pollen grains to access the ovules with reproductive substance. Style is the part of the female flower the rises up above and is from the flower's ovary. It looks like a stem or stock. As a stem, it keeps the stigma stable and provides a way for pollen tubes to develop. A pollen tube is hollow and grows from a pollen grain and transports male reproductive cells to the female egg cell.
Carpel is the female reproductive organ of a flower which has the fertilized ovules that are changing into seeds. It includes the ovary, stigma, and style. This can be one or a number of carpels that are united together. Gynoecium is the term for all of the carpels of a plant. This is from Greek and Latin for "house" and "woman." Pistil is a carpel or group of fused carpels forming the female reproductive part of a flower including the ovary, style, and stigma. If the carpels are fused together then there is only one pistil. The word is from Latin and refers to the shape that looks like a pestle.
Ovary is where the ovules develop into seeds when fertilized. It is from Latin and Greek meaning "little fruit." It is the lower part of the pistil. It is the part where the ovules change into fruit.
Just because a flower has female parts doesn't mean that it will always be female, since some plants can change. Also, some plants are self-pollinating while others have both female and male flowers on the same plant.
About the Author
Joan Reinbold is a writer, author of six books, blogs and makes videos. She has been a tutor for students, library assistant, certified dental assistant and business owner. She has lived (and gardened) on three continents, learning home renovation in the process. She received her Bachelor of Arts in 2006.