Salamanders are amphibians that are small and lizard-like in appearance. They have moist skin which requires them to be near or in water and damp woodlands or swampy areas. They can be a nuisance to some people, but are actually helpful, as they eat bugs, snails, spiders and worms. They help your garden by eating the bugs that are hurting the plants. It is best to leave them alone, but there are a few things that can be done if you have to get rid of them.
Keep gutters and drain pipes clear and free of dead leaves and other vegetation so that water will drain down and away from foundations. Pools of stagnant water cause bugs to lay eggs and hatch, which will bring salamanders to eat the bugs.
Spray all the rooms of your home with pesticide. If you have no bugs then the salamanders have no food source in your home and they will leave. They are just coming in for a quick meal or two.
Use caulk in every crevice and crack in your basement and along the bottom of the walls. If they are coming into your basement it is because there are either a lot of bugs down there or it is damp. If your basement is damp, keep all objects and clothes well off the floor. They will burrow under damp things because they need moisture.
Catch the salamanders. If you are fast enough, they can be caught with bare hands. If you are squeamish about touching them, use a net. Place in an empty jar and immediately release them outside, either in your garden or somewhere near water, woodlands or areas with damp undergrowth, like a forest. Don’t hurt the salamander while catching it.
Call animal control and see if they can come out and get rid of your salamander problem. They can do this without harming the salamanders and can relocate them where they are needed and wanted.
Salamanders are not aggressive but some are fasters than others.
A cat will get rid of salamanders for you too but it might get a little messy as the cat will probably eat them.