How to Figure Weight of Lead by Volume

••• sergeyryzhov/iStock/GettyImages

Things You'll Need

  • Water
  • Beaker with volumetric measurement markers on the side

Each element and compound has a density that relates the weight and volume of that material. Factors such as temperature and pressure can alter the density, but these factors are negligible when dealing with solid materials. Lead has a density of 11.3 grams per milliliter. This density can be used to determine the weight of a piece of lead based on the volume of that piece. Two pieces of lead with the same volume will have the same weight regardless of their shapes.

    Fill the beaker about halfway full with water. There should be enough water that the piece of lead will be completely submerged, but not enough water that it will overflow when the lead is placed in it.

    Write down the volume of water in the beaker.

    Submerge the lead piece completely in the water.

    Write down the new volume of the beaker.

    Subtract the original volume of water in the beaker from the volume of the beaker containing the submerged lead. This is the volume of the lead.

    Convert the volume of the lead to milliliters.

    Multiply the volume of the lead by 11.3 grams per milliliter, the density of lead. The result is the weight of lead.

    Tips

    • This method can be used only to determine the weight of a piece of pure lead. Metal alloys containing lead have a unique density based on the percentage of lead and other metals used in the alloy. Compounds that contain lead atoms in the molecules that create that material will have a unique density based on the chemical nature of the molecules.

    Warnings

    • Skin contact, ingestion and inhalation of lead can pose serious health hazards, but the risk of ingestion and inhalation is unlikely in the procedure of assessing the volume of a piece of lead. Gloves should be worn when handling lead to prevent skin contact.

Related Articles

What Is the Weight of Lead Per Cubic Inch?
Tin Vs. Lead Weight
How to Find Density
How to Convert Cubic Yards Into Pounds
How to Convert From Grams to Liters Using Density
What Is Low Density?
How to Calculate Buoy Floatation in the Water
How to Calculate Milligrams per Milliliter
How to Find Mass From Density
How to Convert ML to MG
How to Calculate Volume Using Density
How to Calculate Weight of Plastic
How to Calculate Weight Using Density & Volume
Tin & Lead Alloy Names
How to Make a Five Percent Solution With Salt
Conversion of LBM to Gallons
What Is the Specific Gravity of Water?
How to Calculate Average Volume
How to Make Sodium Nitrate
How to Calculate the Height of a Cone From the Volume