Where Does Hyaluronic Acid Come From?

Hylauronic acid is purified from the comb of roosters, among other sources.
••• rooster image by Dejan Benko from Fotolia.com

Hyaluronic acid is a mucopolysaccharide that is an important component of human connective tissue, acting as a binding and protective agent. It is also found in synovial fluid, which lubricates and cushions the joints, and in the aqueous humor of the eye.

Internal Sources

Hyaluronic acid is produced naturally in the human body. It is synthesized by an enzyme called hyaluronic acid synthase. This enzyme facilitates the joining of two sugars, D-glucuronic acid and N-acetyl glucosamine, which are then transformed into hyaluronic acid.

Natural Sources

Hyaluronic acid is also sold as a nutritional supplement. The source of hylauronic acid is considered to be natural if it is extracted from an animal source with no further synthesis of the molecule. Natural hyaluronic acid is obtained from rooster combs or from the aqueous humors of the eyes of cows.

Artifical Sources

Artifical sources of hyaluronic acid are synthesized in a laboratory using other chemicals as raw materials. This process is called biosynthesis. The streptococcus strain of bacteria are utilized to synthesize hyaluronic acid.

Related Articles

The Common Uses for Tartaric Acid
Natural Sources of Gibberellic Acid Extraction
How to Neutralize an Acid
How to Find the PKA of a Weak Acid
The Uses of Hydriodic Acid
Differences Between Glycolic Acid & Glycerin
Disposal of Boric Acid
What is a Propionic Acid?
Hydrochloric Acid Safety Precautions
How to Dissolve Silicate
List of Acidic Liquids
Nucleic Acid Facts
Industrial Uses of Pepsin
Common Reducing Sugars
How to Find the Half Equivalence Point in a Titration...
How Do pH Buffers Work?
Importance of Water in Animal Life
Dangers of Phosphoric Acid
How Does pH Level Affect Enzyme Activity?
Sodium Bicarbonate Secretion in the Body