Infrared Vs. Visible Light

Infrared light is invisible to the naked eye.
••• eye image by Pali A from

All forms of light are electromagnetic waves. The color of light depends on the wavelength. Infrared (IR) light has longer wavelengths than visible light.

The Electromagnetic Spectrum

The electromagnetic spectrum comprises all wavelengths of light from the very short (gamma rays) to the very long (radio waves). Both visible and IR light are near the middle of the spectrum.


The wavelength of an electromagnetic wave is the distance between peaks (or troughs) of the wave. IR radiation has longer wavelengths than visible light.


The frequency of a wave is a measure of how many times the wave oscillates between its minimum and maximum amplitude in one second. The frequencies of IR waves are less than the frequencies of visible light.

The Visible Spectrum

The visible spectrum consists of electromagnetic radiation that can be detected by the human eye. This includes wavelengths from about 380 to 700 nanometers (nm).

IR Radiation

IR radiation consists of electromagnetic waves that are too long to be detected by the human eye. These wavelengths are from about 700 nm to 1 mm.

Thermal Radiation

IR radiation is called thermal radiation because it causes heating of materials it strikes or passes through.

Related Articles

What Are the Two Major Components of an Atom?
Characteristics of Aquatic Plants
How to Find the Area of a Rectangular Prism
How to Convert Hertz to Milliseconds
302 Vs. 304 Stainless Steel
What Is a Ferrite Clamp?
How to Make a Simple Circuit
How to Use a Resistor for 12 Volt to 5 Volt
How to Calculate an Equivalent Fraction
Test Your Knowledge on Middle School Science
What Is the Difference Between Radio Waves & Cell Phone...
How to Convert 12 Volt Alternator to 120 Volts
What Is the Cost of Metal Roofing?
What Is Nadph in Photosynthesis?
What Part of the Plant Makes Seeds?
How to Test for Acidity With Litmus Paper
How to Convert mm Hg to in Hg
How to Calculate the Mean, Median, & Mode
What Is a Gorge in Geography?
What Is a 52 dB(A)?