What Kind of Damage Do Thunderstorms Cause?

What Kind of Damage Do Thunderstorms Cause?
••• heibaihui/iStock/GettyImages

According to the National Severe Storms Laboratory, thunderstorms can cause damage due to high winds, flash flooding from rain and from lightning strikes. Strong thunderstorms can also spawn tornadoes, which can cause massive destruction to personal and business property. It is important to keep a sharp eye on the weather as it turns bad and take appropriate safety precautions, as severe storms can indirectly and directly lead to injuries or death.

Lightning Damage

According to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, when lighting strikes a home or building, electricity can pass through the wiring of the home. This can cause severe damage to any electrical appliances that are plugged into an outlet. Items such as phones, computers, small kitchen appliances and sound systems can be ruined when this occurs. Lightning can also spark fires, which can turn into grass fires and cause damage to a home or other property.

Tornado Damage

Tornadoes are one of the most destructive forces that can be produced in a thunderstorm. Most tornadoes have winds that reach speeds of 110 miles per hour, while stronger ones can exceed 200 miles per hour. When a tornado strikes, its strong winds and the debris that it carries can cause major structural damage to buildings. If it is strong enough, a tornado can even make a car, truck or other large vehicle airborne.

Flood Damage

When a thunderstorm rolls through, it can bring torrential downpours of rain with it. This rainfall can occur within a very short period of time, causing flash floods. According to NOAA, flash floods kill 146 people annually. A flash flood can cause damage to a structure, tear trees out of the ground and damage bridges. Flood water that is 2 inches deep can sweep away a car or a large truck.

Hail Damage

Hail damage can escalate to $1 billion annually, according to NOAA. Thunderstorms can produce hail of various sizes that can be devastating to personal property. For example, smaller hail can destroy a farmer's crop in a very short span of time, tearing the plants to pieces. Larger hail can dent the body of a car, break windows and cause extensive roof damage. A strong enough hailstorm can even kill livestock left in the open.

Related Articles

At What Speed Does Wind Become a Hurricane?
What Effects Do Typhoons Cause on Animals, Humans &...
How to Build a Model Tornado
Natural Disasters Caused by Earthquakes
What Type of Clouds Make Tornadoes?
What Are the Long-Term Effects of Tornadoes?
How to Demonstrate an Earthquake Using JELL-O
Harmful Effects of Cyclones
The Effects of Cyclones on the Environment
How to Stay Safe During a Lightning Storm
The Difference Between Straight Line Winds & Tornadoes
The Effects of Tornadoes on Humans & Nature
How Can Avalanches Affect People?
The Causes & Effects of Tornadoes
How to Mix Vinegar & Baking Soda in a Bottle Rocket
How to Calculate the Diameter of a Circle From a Linear...
What Are Electromagnets Used for in Everyday Life?
The Average Wind Speed During a Thunderstorm
What Are the Speeds of Tornadoes?
The Effects of Typhoons

Dont Go!

We Have More Great Sciencing Articles!