List of Several Examples of Eukaryotes

Lake- and ocean-dwelling picoeukaryotes are the most common eukaryotes in the world.
••• Goodshoot/Goodshoot/Getty Images

Eagles and E. coli. Salamanders and salmonella. Meadow sage and methanococcales. Organisms vary a lot on the outside, in large part because their interiors -- cells -- are so different. Eukaryotes are distinguished from other organisms primarily because their cells have nuclei. In fact, their name refers to that: “eukaryote” is Greek for “true nut.” Some eukaryotes are so common you see them every day. Some are more rare, while others require a microscope to view.

They Are Everywhere

The largest of category eukaryotes is the animal kingdom. Animals are made up of complex cells, have tissue and organ systems and use sexual reproduction. More than 1 million species fall into this biological kingdom, including birds, fish, reptiles, amphibians, insects, worms, mollusks, jellyfish and sponges. Clearly, a wide range of organisms fits into this category. You, your dog, your goldfish, whales, rattlesnakes, frogs, spiders, earthworms and snails are all examples of eukaryotes.

It's Not Easy Being Green

Eukaryotes include all members of the plant kingdom. Like animals, plants have many cells. Unlike animals, most plants undergo photosynthesis. During this process, plants use the sun’s light to make energy for themselves. They are different from animals because their cells have walls that help keep their parts rigid. In addition, plants have no nervous systems. Different types of plants tend to grow well in specific locations, and they vary in size tremendously. Examples include the desert-dwelling cactus, forest ferns and sagebrush from the grasslands, as well as tiny baby’s breath and giant redwood trees.

Fungi Fun

Fungi may resemble plants, but they are a different kingdom of eukaryotes. The main difference is that fungi do not undergo photosynthesis. Most get their nutrition from decomposed plant matter. Like plants and animals, the majority of fungi have many multi-part cells. Although some fungi are used to produce helpful drugs such as antibiotics, others cause illnesses like athlete's foot and ringworm. Certain fungi are edible, and a few are used to make bread and beer. Mushrooms, mold, yeast and mildew are kinds of fungi.

All the Rest

The kingdom Protista contains a large variety of small eukaryotes. Some consist of single cells, others live in colonies and still others are composed of many cells. No matter their appearance, they all need a water source for their home. This can take many forms: freshwater, seawater, snow, moist soil and even animal hair. Some protists use photosynthesis to meet their energy needs. Members of this kingdom include various types of amoeba, green, red and brown algae, tiny euglena and slime molds.

Related Articles

Differences Between Protozoa & Protists
What Are the Different Types of Kingdoms?
What Are the Five Subdivisions of Kingdoms?
What Are the Characteristics of the Protista Kingdom?
How to Compare the Cells of Plants, Animals & Unicellular...
Characteristics of Kingdom Fungi Organisms
What Are the Kingdoms That Contain Multicellular Organisms?
Characteristics of Microorganisms
Difference Between Ferns & Mosses
Structural Characteristics of Blue-Green Algae
List and Describe the Four Major Classes of Molecules
The Differences Between Bacteria & Algae
What Is the Diploid Number?
What Types of Cells Are Bacteria?
Difference Between Protozoans & Algae
How to Make an Animal Cell Diagram
Animals That Live in the Tropical Forest That Are Omnivores
Characteristics of the Six Kingdoms of Organisms
What Are the Four Eukaryotic Kingdoms?

Dont Go!

We Have More Great Sciencing Articles!