What Is Magnification Power?

Eyepieces determine the magnifying power of your telescope.
••• Telescope 1.25 inch eyepieces image by Jim Mills from Fotolia.com

Magnification power measures how much larger an object appears after magnification. Those who typically speak about magnification are scientists and perhaps bird watchers or photographers. Instruments that have measurements of magnification include microscopes, telescopes, cameras and binoculars.

Calculating Magnification Power

Magnification power is calculated by dividing the focal length of the scanning object (lens) by the focal length of the eyepiece. A 1x magnification power is a 100 percent increase in the magnified object’s size For example, a 1-inch object at 1x would appear to be 2 inches. At 2x power, the same object would appear to be 3 inches.

Total Power

Total power is the ability of the lens to magnify an object. Different from magnification power, total power compares the magnified size to the original size. Total power is 1+ the magnification power. For example, a 3-inch object at 2x total power would appear to be 6 inches but its magnification is only 4 inches. Despite this apparent difference, many use magnification power and total power as if they were the same.

Telescope Magnification Power

A telescope's magnification power is found by dividing the focal length of the telescope's lens by the focal length of the eyepiece. For example, a 30 mm eyepiece used on a 1,500 mm focal length telescope would have a magnification power of 50x (1,500 / 35 = 50). To change the power dramatically, a 20 mm eyepiece could be used for an end magnification power of 75x.


Magnification power is reported on scientific reports as a means of standardization. For example, if two biologists are looking at the same specimen at different magnification powers, it is difficult for them to speak about their findings.

Maximum Usable Magnification

For both microscopes and telescopes, there is a maximum usable magnification level. After reaching this point, the detail level is the highest it can be for the human eye to detect.

Related Articles

How to Convert Magnification to Dioptors
What Are the Functions of the Objective Lenses?
How to Calculate Magnification on a Light Microscope
How to Calculate Total Magnification
The Focal Length of Microscope Objectives
How to Calculate Angular Resolution
How Does Telescope Size Affect Resolving Power?
The Differences Between Microscopes and Telescopes
What Happens When You Go From Low Power to High Power...
How to Use a Telescience Telescope
How to Find Resistance With Power & Voltage
How to Use a Bushnell Reflector Telescope
How to Use the Bushnell Telescope 78-9512
How to Use a Celestron Telescope
Things to Do With Magnifying Glasses
How to Make a Homemade Telescope Using Old Camera Lenses
How to Calculate Focal Length of a Lens
What Are Optical Telescopes Used for?
How to Estimate the Size of a Specimen With a Microscope
How to Convert 7/8 Inches to mm

Dont Go!

We Have More Great Sciencing Articles!