How to Make a Coffee-cup Calorimeter

How to Make a Coffee-cup Calorimeter
••• MentlaStore/iStock/GettyImages

A calorimeter is a device used to measure the heat energy released or absorbed in a chemical reaction. A coffee-cup calorimeter is a type of reaction calorimeter that uses a closed, insulated container for making heat measurements, easily made from supplies at home. Coffee cups, especially those made of Styrofoam, are effective calorimeters because they hold in the heat.

    Make a cardboard lid. Cut or separate a piece of cardboard large enough to completely cover the mouth of the Styrofoam cup. The lid should be flat and make a good seal when placed inside the lip of the cup. Cardboard acts as a better insulator than plastic lids do.

    Poke a hole in the center of the cardboard lid large enough to fit the laboratory thermometer. The fit should be snug, though, so no heat will escape through the hole. Insert the thermometer far enough through the lid so the sensitive end will reach near the bottom of the coffee cup and the temperature can be read from the opposite end.

    Cut a small hole for a stirring rod through the lid to one side of the thermometer. Insert the stirring rod and verify it fits snugly, but has enough range of motion to stir. To keep the chemical reaction going, it might be necessary to stir the combination in the coffee cup.

    Pour hot coffee or some other hot liquid into the cup.

    Set the cardboard lid into the coffee cup. Stir the contents and take the measurement using the thermometer.

    Things You'll Need

    • Styrofoam cup
    • Cardboard
    • Lab thermometer
    • Plastic stirrer
    • Clamp or ring stand

    Tips

    • To use the calorimeter, place a liquid in the coffee cup and take its initial temperature. Add a reactive substance to the liquid, such as creamer if using coffee and, as the reaction takes place, take periodical measurements from the thermometer. The amount of heat released or absorbed can be calculated according to the equations for heat flow and specific heat. For additional insulation, you can use two coffee cups, one inside the other and a tight-fitting plastic lid.

Related Articles

How to Calculate a Temperature Range
The Best Insulators to Keep Water Hot
The Names of Chemistry Flasks
How to Make Potions for Kids
How to Concentrate a Solution
How to Keep Liquid Hot in a Non-Thermos Container
How to Make Crystals Grow Faster
How to Make Slime Without Borax or Liquid Starch
Lab Equipment Used for Liquids
How to Calibrate a Calorimeter
How to Separate a Mixture of Sugar & Water
Why Do You Let the Sample Cool in a Dessicator?
How to Calculate the Heat of Combustion of Paraffin...
How to Make Rubber With Corn Starch, Water and Vinegar
How to Make Your Own Styrofoam Formula
How to Make a Homemade Incubator for Duck Eggs
How to Calculate Calorimeter Constant
How Does One Determine Whether a Reaction Is Endothermic...
How to Make a Model of a Human Ball Socket Joint
How to Make Your Own Cooler as a Science Project