How to Make Jupiter Out of Styrofoam Balls

Jupiter is surrounded by four prominent moons.
••• Digital Vision./Digital Vision/Getty Images

A hurricane-like storm has been raging on the surface of Jupiter for more than 300 years. Jupiter, the solar system's largest planet, takes 12 years to orbit the sun. Creating a model of this fascinating planet requires an emphasis on the planet's size and unique appearance. Due to its storms and jet streams, the planet appears to have stripes of red and brown dust covering its surface. Jupiter already has 39 moons and more are being discovered every day, but only four are visible in most renderings of the planet. They include Io, Europa, Ganymede and Callisto. To create an accurate model of Jupiter, include these four moons in the display using Styrofoam craft balls.

    Paint red, brown and tan stripes on the 4 1/2-inch ball; this will represent the dusty, striped appearance of Jupiter. Paint the 2-inch ball, which will represent Io, white with specks of gold; the 1-inch Europa ball tan with smudges of white paint; the 3-inch Ganymede ball gray with white spots; and the 2 1/2-inch Callisto ball blue with white stars. Allow the painted balls to dry.

    Cut four dowel rods to four different lengths to place each of Jupiter's moons at a different distance from the planet.

    Use the smallest dowel rod to attach the large 4 1/2-inch foam Jupiter ball to the 2-inch Io ball. Io is the moon that is closest to Jupiter.

    Use the second-smallest dowel rod and attach the small 1-inch foam ball, which signifies Europa, the smallest moon, to the large Jupiter ball.

    Place the third-smallest dowel rod in the large Jupiter ball and attach the 3-inch foam ball that represents Ganymede, Jupiter's largest moon, to the Jupiter ball.

    Attach the remaining 2 1/2-inch foam ball representing Callisto, the second-largest moon, to the Jupiter ball, using the remaining dowel rod.

    Things You'll Need

    • 1 - 4 1/2-inch Styrofoam ball
    • 1 - 1-inch Styrofoam ball
    • 1 - 2-inch Styrofoam ball
    • 1 - 2 1/2-inch Styrofoam ball
    • 1 - 3-inch Styrofoam ball
    • Paintbrush
    • Acrylic paints
    • Dowel rods


    • Use a blow dryer on the cool setting to speed up paint drying. Line your work surface with old newspapers to avoid a mess.

Related Articles

How to Make a Wire Hanger Model of the Solar System
Solar System Projects for Kindergarten
How to Make a 3D Model of the Sun, Earth & Moon
Order of the Planets by the Distance From the Sun
How to Build a 3D Model of the Solar System
How to Make Solar System Projects for Kids
A Description of Saturn
What Are the Four Planets Closest to the Sun Called?
How to Make a Solar System Diorama for Kids
How to Make a Model of the Solar System for the Fifth...
How to Make a Model of the Planet Neptune
Space Facts for Preschool
How to Make Saturn's Rings for Science Projects
Characteristics of a Dwarf Planet
A List of Constellations Visible Seasonally
What Do the Larger Planets Have in Common?
How to Build a Solar System Model for Kids
The Characteristics of Comets, Meteors & Asteroids
How to Make a Styrofoam Replica of Pluto
School Projects of Jupiter

Dont Go!

We Have More Great Sciencing Articles!