Solar panels convert energy from the sun using wafer-based silicon to produce electricity. Making a solar fan is ideal for cooling a garage, hot attic, recreational vehicle or any other small-sized space–wherever you need to feel a breeze. Alternatively, you can customize the system as your needs grow to add more panels and a bigger fan. All the fan parts can be bought from your local electronics store.
Connect the red (positive) wire on the 12-volt fan to the positive side on the capacitor and to the red (positive) wire on the panel by soldering each connection point.
Connect the black (negative) wire on the 12-volt fan to the negative side on the capacitor and to the black (negative) wire on the panel by soldering each connection point. The solar panel will power the fan, and any extra power will be temporarily stored in the capacitor, like a small battery. When there is a shadow over the panel, the stored power in the capacitor keeps the fan going.
Cut a hole in the lid and base of the box with a hand or jig saw the size of the fan. Any enclosure can be used.
Align the fan in the opening, hot-glue it around all sides and then hot-glue the capacitor next to the fan.
Always wear eye protection when soldering