How to Make a Supersaturated Solution of Copper-Sulfate

Copper(II) sulfate can occur as blue crystals.
••• Comstock Images/Stockbyte/Getty Images

A supersaturated solution contains more of the solute than could normally dissolve in solution. You can create this type of solution by adding solute to heated water, which allows the solution to hold more than normal. As this supersaturated solution cools, the excess solute will remain dissolved until a disturbance, such as the addition of more solute. You can create a supersaturated solution of copper(II) sulfate in this way.

    Put on your rubber gloves and safety goggles.

    Fill the beaker with distilled water. Leave some room at the top so that the solution will not overflow during stirring.

    Heat the beaker of water on the hot plate. Any increase in temperature will increase the amount of copper(II) sulfate you can add to the solution. At 100 degrees Celsius, the solubility of copper(II) sulfate is 736 grams per kilogram of water. You needn't heat the water this much; anywhere near the boiling point will be sufficient.

    Monitor the temperature of the water with the thermometer. Stop heating the water once it nears the boiling point of 100 degrees Celsius.

    Add copper(II) sulfate and stir until the heated solution is saturated. When the solution is saturated, copper(II) sulfate will not dissolve anymore.

    Let the solution cool. Once the solution has cooled, it will be a supersaturated copper(II) sulfate solution. Make sure that no particles get into the solution while it cools, which could trigger precipitation of the excess copper(II) sulfate.

    Add solid copper(II) sulfate to the supersaturated solution or let the solution evaporate if you wish to trigger crystallization.

    Things You'll Need

    • Copper(II) sulfate
    • Beaker
    • Stirring rod
    • Thermometer
    • Hot plate
    • Rubber gloves
    • Safety goggles
    • Beaker tongs


    • Copper(II) sulfate can irritate the eyes and skin, and can be harmful if ingested. Use care when handling it.

      Use caution around the hot plate and heated beaker. Handle the beaker with beaker tongs if you need to move it.

Related Articles

How to Calculate Solubilities
How to Prepare Supersaturated Salt Water Solutions
What Happens When You Add Ammonium Nitrate to Water?
How to Dissolve Copper Sulfate
How to Make a Supersaturated Solution
How to Reactivate a Desiccant
How to Make Fenton's Reagent
How to Silver Solder Stainless Steel
Brine Vs. Conductivity
How to Make a Sodium Silicate Solution
How to Mix Calcium Chloride and Water
How to Make Salt Crystals at Home
How to Make Salt Crystallize
How to Make a Supersaturated Solution With Sugar
How to Dissolve Magnesium Chloride
How to Make Crystals Grow Faster
How to Cool a Can of Soda in Ice Water & Salt
How to Make Sodium Chlorite
How to Dissolve Calcium Chloride