Math Algorithms for Elementary Students

••• Ridofranz/iStock/GettyImages

This informational guide lists the main areas of elementary math algorithms. Math algorithms are step-by-step procedures specifying how to solve a problem, and the most common of them are the four basic procedures: addition, subtraction, multiplication and division.


Acquiring problem-solving skills via math algorithms taught during elementary school sets children up for better problem-solving skills in later school and in the workforce.


The basic math algorithms are addition, subtraction, multiplication and division.

Real World Applications for Kids

Elementary school children learn math algorithms more easily by relating math algorithms to real-life situations, which can serve as models for math, such as sharing and borrowing.

Applying Addition

A child's understanding of addition can be fortified by a real-life application, such as giving pencils to a friend in need.

Applying Subtraction

A real-life situation, such as borrowing a candy bar from a friend, can help a child better understand subtraction.

Applying Multiplication

Here is an example model for multiplication for a child: "You have two candy canes, and two of your friends, who also have two candy canes, give you their candy canes, which gives you a total of six candy canes."

Applying Division

Sharing a 12-slice pizza among six friends is an ideal way to exemplify division to a child.

Related Articles

How to Teach Elementary Division for Kids
How to Learn Multiplication Facts by Rhyming
How to Make a 3-D Bohr Model
How to Use Counters in Math
How to Factor Polynomials Step-by-Step
How to Find the Radius of a Circle From a Chord
About the Basic Math Skills Test
Research-Based Strategies for Teaching Multiplication...
How to Convert Pounds to Ounces
Effective Strategies in Teaching Elementary Mathematics
How to Calculate a Sigma Value
How to Explain Division to a Third Grader
How to Write Multiplication Sentences for Fourth Grade...
How to Help Children Learn Math Facts
Animal Cell Shoe Box Project
Help Your Kindergartener Get Ahead With These Math...
How to Teach 3rd Graders Division
How to Find Free Math Worksheets for Homeschool
How to Convert Grams to Ounces
How to Use Fraction Bars

Dont Go!

We Have More Great Sciencing Articles!