Methods of Teaching Mathematics in Primary School

Teaching primary mathematics includes challenges and rewards.
••• learning basics image by Sergey Mostovoy from

Guiding children through the maze of mathematical concepts can be a demanding task. Teachers, however, can use several methods to ensure the process is rewarding.


Cooking offers many opportunities to practice math skills.
••• Kitchen Scales 2 image by Brett Mulcahy from

Math activities can be incorporated into other curriculum areas in many ways. Examples include an art project based on patterns made with regular shapes and using a history topic as a chance to investigate how time lines work.


In a study published in the Oct. 12, 2010, issue of "International Journal for Mathematics Teaching and Learning," Christine Suurtamm and Nancy Vezina found that children develop stronger mathematical skills when allowed to develop their own strategies. Planning opportunities for discussion supports learning and helps teachers correct misconceptions.


Practical experiences help children explore mathematical concepts.
••• playing children image by Marzanna Syncerz from

Providing a range of learning experiences helps to consolidate abstract concepts. Young children can use colored beads to investigate patterns. Older children can be given challenges such as finding and recording the information necessary to repaint the classroom within a set budget. Such projects promote critical thinking and problem-solving skills from an early age.


Songs, stories and games engage and encourage children's participation. Such devices can be used in many ways to teach math; some ways are linked in the Resources section.

Related Articles

Concentric Method in Teaching
How to Use Counters in Math
How to Differentiate in Math
Math Projects for Fifth Grade Gifted & Talented Children
Classroom Activities for Scientific Notation
Elementary Math Club Activities
5 Tips to Succeed in Online Classes
Concentric Method in Teaching
The Difference Between Remediation & Intervention in...
Biome Activities for Middle School
First Day of Math Class Activities
How to Find Free Math Worksheets for Homeschool
Grade 2 Math Projects
Inquiry-Based Math Learning
Research-Based Strategies for Teaching Multiplication...
How to Explain Math Answers
Help Your Kindergartener Get Ahead With These Math...
How to Set Up a Math Lab
How to Pass the Accuplacer Math Test