About Minor & Major Landforms

••• SeanXu/iStock/GettyImages

Landforms are the features that make up the earth's surface. They can be as large as an ocean or as small as a puddle. They are shaped by a variety of processes.


Processes that create landforms include tectonic activity such as earthquakes and volcanoes, and weathering, erosion and glaciation. The branch of geology called geomorphology studies these forms and processes for clues about the origin of the earth's landscape.

Major Landforms

The three major types of landforms are plateaus, mountains and plains. Plateaus are at least 1,968 feet above sea level, broad and flat. Mountains have steep sides, narrow summits and high elevations. Plains are flat areas with low elevations that never rise far above sea level.

Minor Landforms

The minor landforms are categorized by the ways they were formed, such as volcanic activity, glacial activity, running water, wind, currents and movement. Some of these landforms include beaches, u-shaped valleys, flood plains, volcanoes, landslides and dunes.

Related Articles

How Does Erosion Affect Landforms?
Classes of Fingerprints
Interesting Facts About Landforms
What Is a Gorge in Geography?
How to Calculate the Volume of a Cylinder
How to Convert Pounds Per Square Foot to PSI
What Are the Types of Rocks Found in the Appalachians?
What is a Sardonyx?
10 Facts About Plate Tectonics
Kinds of Land Topography
Volcanic Rock Types by Mauna Loa
What Are the Causes of the Destruction of Ecosystem?
How to Remagnetize a Compass Needle
What Are the 4 Main Types of Landforms?
List of Landforms and Slope Landforms
What Are the Properties of Metamorphic Rocks?
How Does Erosion Affect Landforms?
Types of Volcanoes and Their Characteristics
How Gorges Are Formed
How Does Plate Tectonics Affect the Rock Cycle?