Physical and Chemical Properties for the Element Aluminum

Aluminum can form many inorganic chemical compounds.
••• Jupiterimages/Photos.com/Getty Images

According to ChemistryExplained.com, "Aluminum is the third most abundant element on the Earth's crust." The first time that aluminum was isolated was in 1825 by Hans Christian Oersted. Aluminum has an atomic number of 13, and its atomic symbol is Al.

Physical Properties of Aluminum

Aluminum is silvery-white in color. It melts at 1220.576 Fahrenheit and boils at 4472.33. Aluminum has an atomic weight of 26.98154, and an atomic radius of 143.1 pm. It is one of the most ductile and malleable metals. Aluminum is non-magnetic.

Chemical Properties of Aluminum

When it comes in contact with oxygen, aluminum forms an oxide skin called aluminum oxide. This skin helps to protect aluminum from corrosion. Aluminum catches fire easily if exposed to flame when it is in powdered form. It is also reactive with both acids and alkalis.

Uses of Aluminum

The physical and chemical properties of aluminum make it an ideal metal for making such products as culinary utensils, automotive parts, construction materials, and food and beverage containers.

Related Articles

The Dangers of Aluminum Foil
What Does It Tell You if Iron Has an Atomic Number...
What Is Zinc Alloy?
The Eight Most Abundant Elements in the Earth's Crust
Are Tin Cans Attracted to a Magnet?
The Effects of Cadmium Plating 304 Stainless Steel
Hazards of Copper Sulfate
Difference Between 316 & 308 Stainless Steel
What Is Inconel?
What Is Silver Alloy?
How to Make Sodium Nitrate
List of Natural Resources of Arkansas
Strength of Aluminum Tubing Vs. Steel Tubing
Brine Vs. Conductivity
How to Identify a Metal
Alodine Vs. Anodizing
How to Make a Model of an Aluminum Atom for Students
Characteristics of Aquatic Plants
Can Aluminum Be Heated & Bent?
Uses of Alkaline Earth Metals