Properties of Kerosene

Kerosene fuel is used for heating and cooking in many areas.
••• Jupiterimages/ Images

Kerosene is a hydrocarbon fuel distilled from petroleum. The term kerosene was trademarked in 1854, but has since become a generic term much like the word "zipper." Also known as paraffin in some parts of the world, the fuel is used for heating, cooking and as a component of jet engine fuel. Kerosene's chemical and physical properties make it different from other fuels.

Appearance & Smell

Kerosene is a odorless liquid at room temperature with a clear to pale yellow color. However, when kerosene burns it gives off a strong smoke odor.


At room temperature, kerosene has a density of 0.80 grams per milliliter. the density increases as temperature decreases. At 59 degrees Fahrenheit, the density can increase to 0.94 grams per milliliter.


Although kerosene is insoluble in water, it does mix with other petroleum solvents.

Boiling Point

Kerosene boils at very high temperatures ranging from 347 degrees to 617 degrees Fahrenheit. The range is dependent on air pressure.

Flash Point

Flash point is the minimum temperature at which vapors of a liquid will ignite. A substance with a low flash point is easier to ignite than one with a higher flash point. Kerosene's flash point ranges from 100 degrees to 185 degrees Fahrenheit, depending on the pressure the kerosene is under. At sea level kerosene's flash point is 149 degrees Fahrenheit.

Autoignition Temperature

The temperature at which a substance will ignite on its own at normal air pressure is the autoignition temperature. This temperature for kerosene is 444 degrees Fahrenheit.

Related Articles

Which Burns Hotter: Ethanol or Methanol?
What Is Diesel Fuel?
Naphtha Uses
Neoprene Vs. Natural Rubber
Difference Between Hydraulic Fluid & Oil
Alternative Solvents to Benzene
What Are the Different Grades of Kerosene?
Difference Between LP & Propane
The R134a vs. the R410a
How to Convert cSt to SUS
How to Make Bromine Water in the Chemistry Lab
What is Ethanolic Potassium Hydroxide?
What Is Propylene Glycol
List of Flammable Gases
How Benzene is Made
Physical Properties of Freon 12
What Is Butane Fuel?
Is Printer Ink Biodegradable?
Isopropanol Alcohol Vs. Isopropyl Alcohol
Characteristics of Aquatic Plants

Dont Go!

We Have More Great Sciencing Articles!