What Is the Quickest Route to the Moon & How Long Will It Take?

The shortest transfer time from the Earth to the moon came in at 34 hours.
••• Ablestock.com/AbleStock.com/Getty Images

The shortest distance between any two points is a straight line. That's just as true in space as it is on a piece of paper. So the quickest route to the moon is a straight line. But complications make the straight line approach not easy to achieve and also not the most attractive option. But the Luna 1 spacecraft did something like that in 1959 and took 34 hours to reach the moon.

No Straight Lines

The first problem with trying to travel a straight line in space is that it's very difficult to do. Every object experiences gravitational attraction from neighboring objects, and the end result is that objects in space travel along curves: ellipses, parabolas or hyperbolas. So Luna 1, for example, didn't travel on a straight line; it just traveled on an ellipse so large that it came close to looking like a straight line between the Earth and moon.

Other Options

The most efficient route to the moon is an ellipse whose distance from the Earth is smallest at launch and largest at the moon -- a transfer that takes about five days, as in the Apollo 11 mission. The more energy you are willing to spend, the closer you can make the path to a straight line and the shorter you can make the trip. But the more fuel you bring to space, the less mass you can have in your spacecraft, so it's unlikely anyone will try to beat the 34-hour record transfer time of Luna 1.

Related Articles

How Far Is Earth From Venus?
Don't Get Swept Up by the #BroomstickChallenge
An Asteroid Big Enough to Destroy a City Just Missed...
How to Calculate Tangential Speed
NASA’s Distant Space Discovery (Ultima Thule) Looks...
What Is the Gravitational Force on the Earth During...
Space Facts for Preschool
Bad Things About Space Exploration
Remembering Katherine Johnson and the Women Behind...
What Effect Did the First Moon Landing Have on the...
Are the Sun & Moon Planets?
Which Planet Moves the Slowest Along Its Orbital Path?
How to View Venus in the Night Sky
4 Weird Things You Probably Didn't Know About A Lunar...
Don't Get Swept Up by the #BroomstickChallenge
What Are the Eight Phases of the Moon in Order?
The Top Five Discoveries Made by Radio Telescopes
What Is the Darkest Portion of the Moon's Shadow During...
How to Tell if the Moon Is Waning or Waxing
This Weekend's Blood Moon is the Last One Until 2021...

Dont Go!

We Have More Great Sciencing Articles!