Raw Egg & Vinegar Experiments

••• KariHoglund/iStock/GettyImages

Science experiments with raw eggs and vinegar can be a fun and interesting way for kids and students to learn about chemical reactions and osmosis. Vinegar is used to create a chemical reaction with raw eggs also known as the naked egg experiment. After completing the naked egg experiment, students can learn about osmosis, the process where water passes in and out of a semipermeable membrane. These experiments use simple household items, making for an affordable science project.

Naked Egg

To complete the naked egg experiment, you will need a raw egg, a tall, clear glass and a bottle of vinegar. Carefully place the egg into the glass and pour on the vinegar until the egg is covered. Within the first few minutes you will see bubbles forming on the surface of the egg and rising to the top of the glass. Leave the egg in the vinegar and put it in the refrigerator for 24 hours. After 24 hours, carefully discard the old vinegar, pouring on fresh vinegar and returning it to the refrigerator where you will leave it for one week.

After one week, remove and rinse the egg. You will notice that the egg’s shell has completely dissolved, leaving a soft, rubbery translucent raw egg. You will also notice that some of the vinegar has permeated the egg’s membrane, causing it to increase in size.

Basics of the Reaction

The naked egg experiment demonstrates a chemical reaction between the calcium carbonate in the egg’s outer shell and the acetic acid in the vinegar. The shell of a raw egg is composed mostly of calcium carbonate, in addition to magnesium carbonate, calcium phosphate and organic matter. The acetic acid in the vinegar literally dissolves the egg’s shell. As this chemical reaction takes place, carbon dioxide is released in the form of the bubbles you see in the glass. The carbon dioxide releases continually until all the carbon in the egg is gone.

Carbon Re-Absorption Experiment

If you touch the egg after the first 24 hours in the vinegar, you will notice that it is soft because all the carbon has been released. To add a twist to your naked egg experiment, remove the raw egg from the vinegar and allow it to sit out on the table for one day. You will notice that the egg, that was once soft from the vinegar, is now hard again. The egg regains its solid structure as it takes in carbon from the carbon dioxide in the air.

Testing for Osmosis

Once the vinegar has dissolved away the shell from the egg, it is now primed to experiment and observe the process of osmosis. Place the shell-less egg in a glass of water with a few drops of food coloring. You will see the colored water passing into the egg through the semi-permeable membrane via osmosis. The egg will expand and eventually burst if you leave it in the water long enough. You can also observe the opposite reaction if you place the naked egg into a glass of corn syrup. Because corn syrup contains less water than the egg, you will observe the egg releasing water, causing it to shrink in size.

Related Articles

Why Does an Egg's Shell Dissolve When Put in Vinegar?
Science Experiment for Kids With Raw Egg and Vinegar
Science Project Egg Experiments
Materials for Bouncing an Egg for a Science Fair Project
Osmosis Science Activities for Kids
Osmosis Egg Experiments
Experiment on Putting an Egg in Vinegar
Vinegar & Water Experiments
Toothpaste Experiment With Eggs
Cool Science Experiments With Eggs
Science Projects With Vinegar & Egg Shells
How to Float an Egg in Water
At Home Science: Naked Egg Experiment
How to Make an Experiment With Corn Syrup
How to Drop an Egg Without Breaking It by Using Straws...
Chemistry Projects for Diffusion in Liquids
How to Make a Homemade Bouncy Ball Made From an Egg
Chalk and Vinegar Science Projects
How to Turn a Glass of Water With Red Dye Back Into...
The Steps for a Science Fair Project on the Rubber...