How Is Rock Salt Formed?

The formation of rock salt begins at the edge of a body of saltwater.
••• rocks of salt & minerals.the dead sea's shore. image by L. Shat from

Most people who live in snowy climates know about rock salt from winter driving and the clearing of driveways and sidewalks. Rock salt is a white, slightly-opaque crystal that is spread over walking and driving areas to melt snow and prevent slipping.


The scientific name for rock salt is halite, and its chemical formula is NaCl or sodium chlorine. Table salt is also made from rock salt, which is a naturally occurring mineral often found in large deposits near the surface of the earth.


Rock salt is found in old ocean sea beds that have long ago dried up. The compound originates from a body of sea water that undergoes an intense evaporation process, leaving behind large rings of sea salt. Then through the long process of geologic aging, the salt layers are covered with marine sediments.

Salt Domes

Since halite is a very light mineral, it often "punches up" through heavier sedimentary rocks to create salt domes near the surface of the earth. These domes are important mining sources for rock salt. They are also indicators of natural gas and crude oil, for these naturally occurring compounds sometimes get trapped underneath the salt domes.

Related Articles

Which Layer of the Earth's Crust Contains the Highest...
How to Break Up Rock Salt
Salt on Other Planets
Differences Between Bodies of Water
The Harmful Effects of Petrochemicals on the Environment
Properties of Magnesium Chloride
Forms of Mechanical Weathering
Gems of Hawaii
Name Five Different Types of Limestone
What Minerals Make Up Pumice?
Climate in a Freshwater Biome
List of Minerals Found Under the Sea Bed
Heat Absorption Properties of Salt
About Minor & Major Landforms
How to Make Magnesium Chloride
How Do Turtles Sleep?
Landforms and Natural Resources of the Coastal Plain
What Plants Grow in the Indian Ocean?
Types of Crabs on the New Jersey Shore
What Type of Vegetation Is Found in Coral Reefs?