Prisms and pyramids are solid geometric shapes that have flat sides, flat bases and angles. However, the bases and side faces on prisms and pyramids differ. Prisms have two bases -- pyramids only have one. There are a variety of pyramids and prisms, so not all shapes in each category look the same.

## Similarities: Common Features

Prisms and pyramids are **three-dimensional solid shapes** that contain sides and faces that are polygons -- two-dimensional shapes with straight sides. Both shapes fall under the large category -- polyhedrons -- because the sides and bases are polygons. **Neither prisms nor pyramids have rounded sides, rounded edges or rounded angles, distinguishing them from cylinders and spheres.** All of the side faces meet at the bases -- or at the base in the case of pyramids. Prisms and pyramids come in a variety of sizes, ranging from hand-held objects to grand architectural buildings.

## Differences: Bases

The bases on pyramids and prisms differ. **Prisms have two congruent -- or identical -- bases, and pyramids only have one base.** The shape of the base on pyramids and prisms can vary, depending on the shape of the overall three-dimensional object. For example, the base could have a square, rectangle, triangle, hexagon, pentagon or octagon shape. The base is never a circle or an oval on a prism or a pyramid.

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## Differences: Side Faces

The side-by-side faces, also known as lateral faces, on pyramids and prisms have different attributes. **Prisms have rectangular lateral faces and pyramids have triangular lateral faces.** In most cases, the lateral faces of both prisms and pyramids are angled toward the base or bases. The rare exception is the "right prism" -- the faces are perfectly perpendicular to the base. The lateral faces are congruent triangles on a "right pyramid."

## Differences: Vertex or Point

Pyramids differ from prisms because they have one central vertex, often referred to as an apex or a point, where the lateral faces meet. **The vertex is directly above the center of the base, regardless of the shape of the base**. Prisms don't have a vertex because there are multiple meeting points where the faces connect.