The Tennessee State Bird, Tree and Flower

Crested Dwarf Iris growing in the Great Smokey Mountains National Park in Tennessee
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Tennessee, one of five states that have adopted the mockingbird as their state bird, also has an official game bird, the bobwhite quail. Tennessee's state tree is the tulip poplar, while three species share the title of state flower: the passion flower, the Tennessee coneflower and the iris.

Tennessee's State Bird

Mockingbird perched on a tree branch
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Tennessee's state bird since 1933, the mockingbird is a medium-sized species with grayish-brown coloring. Its name reflects its capacity to mimic the calls of other species. The bobwhite quail, or partridge, has been the state game bird since 1987.

Tennessee's State Tree

A tulip poplar tree in bloom
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When it adopted the tulip poplar as the state tree in 1947, Tennessee's legislature cited the species’ role in local history. Tennessee's first settlers used the wood of the tulip poplar for building purposes. The tree's name is a reference to its green and orange flowers, which resemble tulips.

Tennessee's Three State Flowers

Coneflowers growing in a Tennessee State Park site
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Tennessee's state cultivated flower, adopted in 1933, is the iris; the purple variety specifically is considered the state flower. In 1973, Tennessee designated the passion flower -- named by missionaries in South America, for whom the parts of the bloom represented Christ's crucifixion -- as the state wildflower. In 2012, the state adopted another wildflower, the Tennessee coneflower, which grows exclusively in Middle Tennessee.

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