How to Turn Carbon Into Graphite

••• Livio Maynard / EyeEm/EyeEm/GettyImages

The process of turning carbon into graphite is known as graphitization. Graphite is produced naturally, but it is usually commercially produced by treating petroleum coke. Coke is a byproduct of the destructive distillation of coal. While it is possible to convert carbon into graphite, this process requires industrial equipment not available to the average individual.

    Create coke from coal. Coal is a form of carbon. Using an airless furnace, cook coal until all of the gasses and liquids have been removed. This includes water, coal gas and coal tar. The temperature used can reach as high as 3,630 degrees, so the energy and equipment required are typically only used by industrial producers of graphite. The resulting material -- coke -- is then crushed into a powder.

    Create silicon carbide. In an electric furnace, carbon and silicon, often in the form of a clay, are combined to create silicon carbide, an intermediate product in the production of graphite.

    Derive graphite from silicon carbide. Using an industrial furnace, heat the silicon carbide to at least 7,500 degrees. At this temperature, the silicon begins to leave the silicon carbide, leaving only graphite.

    Things You'll Need

    • Coal
    • Electric Furnace

Related Articles

Uses for Petroleum Coke
302 Vs. 304 Stainless Steel
How to Convert BTU to MCF
Difference Between 316 & 308 Stainless Steel
How Benzene is Made
Steam Distillation vs. Simple Distillation
How to Convert an Alkane to an Alkene
What Is Metallurgical Coke?
How to Measure the Ohm Value for an Inductor
How to Convert 12 Volt Alternator to 120 Volts
How to Separate Alcohol From Water
How to Convert 220 Celsius to Fahrenheit
How Is Isopropyl Alcohol Made?
Steel Vs. Galvanized Steel Strength
Types of High Pressure Boilers
How to Make a Hydrogen Torch
Conversion of Cubic Feet Per Hour to BTUs
How to Convert BTU to KW
How to Calculate Temperature From BTU
How to Convert Pounds Per Square Foot to PSI

Dont Go!

We Have More Great Sciencing Articles!