What Are Two Major Characteristics of a Molecular Compound?

Characteristics of molecular compounds are defined by their structures and properties.
••• Photodisc/Photodisc/Getty Images

Chemical compounds are created when two molecules join together because of a chemical reaction, and these compounds come in two distinct forms: ionic and molecular. These types of compounds contain many structural differences and properties that distinguish them from one another, but two of the most basic are the types of bonds that hold them together, and their abilities to conduct heat or electricity.

Covalent Bonds

When molecules join together to form compounds, they do so by having their atoms bond chemically to one another. Molecular compounds form with covalent bonds, which share electrons, and the mutual attraction for the shared electrons holds the molecules together. Ionic compounds, conversely, don't share electrons; they transfer them from one atom to another.

Poor Conductivity

Another major characteristic of molecular compounds is that they do not conduct electricity or heat well at all. However, ionic compounds, when melted, will conduct both heat and electricity quite well.

Related Articles

Projects on Chemical Bonding
A List of Three Properties of Ionic Compounds
What Are True Statements About a Compound?
Which Layer of the Earth's Crust Contains the Highest...
Is Grease Dissolving in Soapy Water a Physical or Chemical...
What Is Inconel?
Characteristics of Ionic and Covalent Compounds
Are Ions Hydrophobic Or Hydrophilic?
How to Calculate a Fraction Covalent
What Happens to Ionic & Covalent Compounds When They...
Characteristics of Aquatic Plants
Special Properties of Hydrogen
Six Types of Crystalline Solids
Number of Protons in an Uncharged Atom
Test Your Knowledge on Middle School Science
What Are the Particles Formed From Covalent Bonding?
Projects on Chemical Bonding
What Are the Monomers of Triglycerides?
How to Mix Calcium Chloride and Water
Why Do Hydrates Change Color When Heated?

Dont Go!

We Have More Great Sciencing Articles!