What Are Two Major Characteristics of a Molecular Compound?

Characteristics of molecular compounds are defined by their structures and properties.
••• Photodisc/Photodisc/Getty Images

Chemical compounds are created when two molecules join together because of a chemical reaction, and these compounds come in two distinct forms: ionic and molecular. These types of compounds contain many structural differences and properties that distinguish them from one another, but two of the most basic are the types of bonds that hold them together, and their abilities to conduct heat or electricity.

Covalent Bonds

When molecules join together to form compounds, they do so by having their atoms bond chemically to one another. Molecular compounds form with covalent bonds, which share electrons, and the mutual attraction for the shared electrons holds the molecules together. Ionic compounds, conversely, don't share electrons; they transfer them from one atom to another.

Poor Conductivity

Another major characteristic of molecular compounds is that they do not conduct electricity or heat well at all. However, ionic compounds, when melted, will conduct both heat and electricity quite well.

Related Articles

A List of Three Properties of Ionic Compounds
Characteristics of Ionic and Covalent Compounds
Are Ions Hydrophobic Or Hydrophilic?
Is Grease Dissolving in Soapy Water a Physical or Chemical...
Definition of Molecular Bonds
What Are the Monomers of Triglycerides?
The Differences in Covalent Crystals & Molecular Crystals
What Are True Statements About a Compound?
Characteristics of Aquatic Plants
What Happens to Ionic & Covalent Compounds When They...
Differences Between Polar & Nonpolar in Chemistry
Defining Characteristics of Lipid Molecules
Which Layer of the Earth's Crust Contains the Highest...
What Is the Unit for Enthalpy?
Six Types of Crystalline Solids
What Are the Limitations of Covalent & Metallic Lattices?
Special Properties of Hydrogen
Why Do Hydrates Change Color When Heated?
What Is Inconel?
How to Mix Calcium Chloride and Water

Dont Go!

We Have More Great Sciencing Articles!