Type of Rock Found in Divergent Boundaries

Divergent plate boundaries build new rock by letting magma bubble through the crust.
••• Thinkstock/Comstock/Getty Images

Divergent plate boundaries, caused by the shifting of the Earth's tectonic plates, create igneous rocks as the plates move. The rocks are formed by cooling magma, and their specific type depends on the minerals available in the area.

What are Divergent Boundaries?

DIvergent plate boundaries are areas in the Earth's crust where two of the tectonic plates are moving away from each other. This motion opens deep cracks in the crust, allowing magma to seep through and rise to the surface. This magma leakage creates types of rock that are common at divergent boundaries, but relatively rare elsewhere.

Type of Rock

The main type of rock found at divergent plate boundaries is igneous. These rocks are formed when magma cools and becomes solid, either above or below ground. They are rich in elements including silicon, aluminium, sodium, potassium, calcium and iron, and make up about 95 percent of the upper part of the Earth's crust. More than 700 types of igneous rock have been identified.

Specific Rocks

Most rocks formed at divergent boundaries are categorized as malefic igneous rocks, which are dark-colored due to their high magnesium and iron content. This category includes basalt, gabbro and peridotites, which are often found at these boundaries.


Divergent plate boundaries are usually found at mid-ocean ridges, such as those in the Gulf of California and in the mid-Atlantic Ridge. There is also a divergent boundary in the East African rift zone and one in the Dead Sea rift valley, on land.

Related Articles

Types of Intrusive Igneous Rock With Large Crystals
Most Common Types of Igneous Rocks
How Does Plate Tectonics Affect the Rock Cycle?
What Is the Composition of a Lava Rock?
What Are the Three General Types of Rocks?
Rocks of Pennsylvania
What Factors Cause Mechanical Weathering?
Three Types of Boundaries Between Lithospheric Plates
Types of Rocks Found in the Himalayas
What Are the Two Types of Weathering?
What Landforms Are Formed at a Transform Boundary?
What Are the Types of Rocks Found in the Appalachians?
What Is a Tectonic Earthquake?
What Are the Properties of Metamorphic Rocks?
Two Types of Hydrothermal Deposits
Three Ways to Melt a Rock
10 Examples of a Natural Ecosystem
About Minor & Major Landforms
List of Minerals Found Under the Sea Bed
How Does Pressure Affect Plate Tectonics?

Dont Go!

We Have More Great Sciencing Articles!