Types of Climate Regions

Types of Climate Regions
••• Cha_DZ/iStock/GettyImages

Global climates are often divided into five types: tropical, dry, temperate, cold and polar. These climate divisions take a variety of factors into consideration, including altitude, pressure, wind patterns, latitude and geographical characteristics, such as mountains and oceans. The five climate division is known as the Koppen Climate Classification System, named after founder Wladimir Koppen.

Tropical Regions

Tropical regions are characterized by high average temperatures and large amounts of rainfall. Biomes that have tropical climates include rainforest and savannas, according to Maps of World.com. The average monthly temperature in tropical climate regions is 64.4 degrees Fahrenheit and there tends to be little or no winter season.

Temperate Regions

Temperate regions are also known as mesothermal or middle latitude climates. Summers tend to be quite warm with little rainfall. Winters are moderate and wet. According to Travel-University.org, the coldest months in temperate regions tend to be between 26.6 and 64.4 degrees Fahrenheit. Temperate biomes include subtropical regions, Mediterranean areas, and marine regions.

Polar Regions

Polar regions are characterized by a lack of a true summer. The warmest temperatures are around 50 degrees Fahrenheit and these are short-lived. Large blocks of permanent ice and tundra are what make these regions distinctive. According to Blue Planet Biomes, polar climate regions usually only have four months of temperatures above freezing. They also tend to have months of little daylight.

Dry Regions

Dry regions experience very little rainfall and therefore have no permanent streams, according to Travel-University. They are also marked by large ranges in daily temperatures. In the desert, for example, temperatures can reach over 120 degrees Fahrenheit during the day, but may drop to 100 degrees or less at night. Dry regions are divided into semi-arid and arid zones.

Cold Regions

Cold regions, also known as snow, microthermal or continental climates, have moderate rainfall and high seasonal variations in temperature. These regions tend to be found in central regions of land masses, such as the American Midwest. Average summer temperatures can be anywhere from 70 to 90 degrees. In the winter, the coldest month has an average temperature below 26 degrees Fahrenheit.

Related Articles

Deciduous Forest Biome Facts for Kids
Climate in a Freshwater Biome
Differences Between Mediterranean Climate and Humid...
What Are the Six Climate Zones?
Where Are the Temperate Zones Located?
Weather of the Grassland Ecosystem
Characteristics of a Dry Climate
Characteristics of Arid Climates
How Is a Biome Formed?
How Do Landforms and Bodies of Water Affect Climate?
How to Calculate the Winter Solstice Sun Angle
What Effect Does Geography Have on Climate?
What Are Abiotic Factors of the Grassland Biome?
What Are the Types of Prevailing Winds?
Characteristics of Grassland Biomes
What Are Earth's Three Major Climate Zones?
Children's Facts About the Prairie Biome
About the Climate of Texas
What is the Difference Between a Temperate & Tropical...
The Climate of the Edwards Plateau

Dont Go!

We Have More Great Sciencing Articles!