Types of Archaebacteria

A woman stepping out of a hot spring in the mountains.
••• Thomas Northcut/Photodisc/Getty Images

Archaebacteria are part of the prokaryotic organism family, which means they are tiny, single-celled organisms. According to the State University of New York, they are plentiful in water, air and on objects. There are three different types of archaebacteria, and all make their home in extreme environments. The University of Miami Department of Biology calls archaebacteria some of the oldest of all living things.

Thermoacidophiles

Thermoacidophiles, or thermophiles, inhabit hot environments. A report on bacteria from the University of Miami Department of Biology states that thermoacidophiles thrive in extremely acidic, hot and moist regions, such as those in and near sulfur hot springs. If they are in temperatures below 131 degrees F (55 degrees C), they die.

Halophiles

Another type of archaebacteria are halophiles. Just as thermophiles thrive in extremely hot environments, halophiles thrive in extremely salty environments. They make their home in water and soil, as long as there is a very high amount of salt.

Methanogens

Methanogens can be found in environments that are anaerobic (no oxygen). Types of environments methanogens are found in are swamps and marshes, or intestinal tracts of animals and some humans. As their name suggests, methanogens produce methane gas. According to a study published in the October 2000 issue of The American Journal of Gastroenterology, their trait of producing methane makes them easily detected within the intestinal tract.

Related Articles

What Are the Habitats of the Six Kingdoms?
Where Do Bacteria Live?
Characteristics of Anaerobic Species
Examples of Archaebacteria With Their Scientific Name...
How to Make CO2
Examples of Secondary Pollutants
What Types of Bacteria Produce Endospores?
What Are Good Protists?
What Types of Bacteria Produce Nitrate?
Characteristics of the Six Kingdoms of Organisms
What Types of Fungi Grow in the Ocean?
List of Neutrophilic & Acidophilic Heterotrophic Bacteria
Why Do Plants Need Photosynthesis & Cellular Respiration?
About Liquid Oxygen
Types of Fungi Plants
What Type of Vegetation Is Found in Coral Reefs?
Main Types of Ecosystems
Aquatic Ecosystem Facts
Characteristics of Salmonella Bacteria